Chapter 10 US

Chapter 10 US - Chapter 10: The Union and Peril Section 1:...

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Chapter 10: The Union and Peril Section 1: The Divisive Politics of Slavery Differences between the North and the South -These two sections had developed different ways of life by the 1850s. -North - Industry and Immigration -Many immigrants from Europe entered the industrial workplace in growing numbers. Many would become voters and vote against slavery. -They feared expanding slavery for two to reasons : -First , it might bring slave labor into direct competition with free labor. -Second , it threatened to reduce the status of white workers who could not successfully compete with slaves. - South - Agriculture and Slavery -1/3 the nation's population lived in the South in 1850. -The South produced fewer than 10% of the nations manufactured goods. -The conflict over slavery rattled the Southern society. -In many Southern states African-Americans were in the majority. -Many Southern whites feared that any restriction of slavery would lead to a social and economic revolution. Slavery in the Territories -August 1846- Pennsylvania Democrat David Wilmot introduced an amendment to a military appropriations bill proposing that "neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist ” in any territory that the US might acquire as a result of the war with Mexico. -This was known as the *Wilmot Proviso . It also stated that California as well as the Territories of Utah and New Mexico would be closed to slavery. -This divided Congress along regional lines. -Southerners felt that the proviso would undermine constitutional protections. -The House of Representatives approved the proviso, but the Senate rejected it . -1850 Statehood for California - because of the gold rush, California's population grew so quickly that it skipped the territorial phase of becoming a state. -California's constitution forbid slavery, thus, going against the Missouri Compromise line of 36° 30’. -Southerners had hoped the compromise, which was struck in 1820, would apply to new Territories. -General Zachary Taylor , who succeeded Polk as president in 1849, supported California's admission as a free state . -He felt that the slavery issue should be left up to the individual territories rather than Congress. -Southerns’ saw this as a move to block slavery and they began to question whether the South should remain in the Union. The Senate Debates -In the 31st Congress in December 1849, the question of California's statehood topped the agenda. Of equal concern was the border dispute in which the slave state of Texas claimed the eastern half of the New Mexico territory where the slavery issue had not yet been settled. -As passions arose, some Southerners threatened *Secession . -What could be done, if anything, to prevent the US from becoming two nations? -Clays Compromise
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2011 for the course HI 251 taught by Professor Ladie during the Fall '07 term at N.C. State.

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Chapter 10 US - Chapter 10: The Union and Peril Section 1:...

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