Chapter 11 US

Chapter 11 US - Chapter 11-The Civil War (1861-1865) The...

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Chapter 11-The Civil War (1861-1865) The South Secedes -South is angered that Lincoln won the election in 1860 and it was perceived that he would abolish slavery . -South Carolina (Dec 1860) is the first state to leave. -Alabama, Montgomery (Feb 1861)- delegates from the secessionist states formed the Confederate States of America and made a new constitution closely resembling that of the Untied States except it protected and recognized slavery and called for states rights . -Jefferson Davis elected president. -Buchanan remained president of the US until Lincoln inauguration in March of 1961 . -7 slave states seceded to the new nation. -8 slave states remained with the Union. -Buchanan felt that his hands were tied and could not stop the South from leaving. -States felt as though the federal govt was not allowed to tell them what to do. Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) *Dred Scott Decision - the Supreme Court ruled that African Americans were not and could never be citizens . Thus, Dred Scott had no right even to file a lawsuit and remained enslaved. *April 1861: Ft. Sumter (SC) -South fired on Ft. Sumter , SC- first engagement of the Civil War. -News of the fall of Ft. Sumter to the South untied the North. -The upper Southern states refused to fight against other southern states. April : Virginia would secede (western counties were anti-slavery so the Union let them in as West Virginia), May : Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina followed. -There were 11 confederate states now. -The four remaining slave states- Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri remained in the union, but many of their citizens fought for the South. Military Tactics of the North *Anaconda Plan - a 3 part plan proposed by *General Winfield Scott . 1. Blockade the Southern ports so they could not import needed goods or export cotton. 2. Union armies would move down the Mississippi River to split the confederacy in two . 3. Union armies would capture the confederate capital at Richmond , VA. -B/c the confederates’ goal was its own survival; its strategy was mostly defensive. *July 1861: Bull Run (VA) -First major battle outside of Richmond near a creek, it would be a victory for the South led by *General Stonewall Jackson . -Confederate moral soared. 1
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-Lincoln appointed *General George McClellan to lead the Union army in the west. They would start the fight for the Mississippi. Financing the War -Republicans were the majority in the North. -Passed taxes on everything they could- (i.e. stamps and income) *Greenbacks - national currency for the union. *Pacific RR Act of 1862 - govt sold public land to businesses to build a RR from Nebraska to California. -Economic differences b/t North and South. -Seceded states rights. -“Cotton is King
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2011 for the course HI 251 taught by Professor Ladie during the Fall '07 term at N.C. State.

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Chapter 11 US - Chapter 11-The Civil War (1861-1865) The...

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