Chapter 17 US

Chapter 17 US - Chapter 17: The Progressive Era Section 1:...

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Chapter 17: The Progressive Era Section 1: Origins of Progressivism -Political, economic, and social change in late 19th-century America led to broad progressive reforms. Four Goals of Progressivism -The reform efforts of the early 20th century formed the *Progressive Movement - which aimed to restore the economic opportunities and correct the injustices in American life. -Even though reformers never completely agreed on the problems or the solutions, each of their progressive efforts shared at least one of the following goals: 1. Protecting Social Welfare - to soften some of the harsh conditions of industrialization. *Florence Kelley - became an advocate for improving the lives of women and children. 2. Promoting Moral Improvement - other reformers felt that morality, not the workplace, held the key to improving the lives of poor people. -These reformers wanted immigrants and poor city dwellers to uplift themselves by improving their personal behavior. *Prohibition - the banning of alcoholic beverages to cure society's problems. -Members of the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) spearheaded the crusade for Prohibition. -Members advance their cause by entering saloons, singing, praying, and urging saloonkeepers to stop selling alcohol. 3. Creating Economic Reforms - reformers who embraced socialism. -Labor leader Eugène V. Debs organized the American Socialist Party in 1901. *Muckrakers - journalist who wrote about the corrupt side of business and public life in mass circulation magazines during the 20th century. 4. Fostering Efficiency - many progressive leaders put their faith in experts and scientific principles to make society and the workplace more efficient. (Focused on research) *Scientific Management - studies to see just how quick each task could be performed. -Introduction of the assembly line caused a high worker turnover rate, often due to injuries by fatigue workers. Reform at the State Level Reform Governors - under the progressive Republican leadership of *Robert M. La Follette - Wisconsin led the way in regulating big business. He made the railroad industry, a major target. Protecting Working Children 1
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-As the number of children workers rose dramatically, reformers worked to protect workers and to end child labor . -Businesses hired children because they performed unskilled jobs for lower wages and because children's small hands made them more adapt to handling small parts and tools. -Formed in 1904, the National Child Labor Committee , sent investigators to gather evidence of children working in harsh conditions. They then organized exhibitions with photographs and statistics to dramatize the children's plight. -The Keating-Owen Act in 1916 prohibited the transportation across state lines of goods produced with children labor. Reforming Elections
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Chapter 17 US - Chapter 17: The Progressive Era Section 1:...

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