Chapter 20 US

Chapter 20 US - Chapter 20: Politics of the Roaring...

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Chapter 20: Politics of the Roaring Twenties Section 1: Americans Struggle with Postwar Issues -A desire for normality after the war and a fear of communism and “foreigners” led to postwar isolationism. Postwar Trends -The economy was down. *Nativism - prejudiced against foreign-born people. *Isolationism - a policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs. Fear of Communism *Communism - an economic and political system based on a single party government ruled by a dictatorship. -In order to equalize wealth and power, Communists would put an end to private property, substituting government ownership of factories, railroads, and other businesses. The Red Scare -Began in 1919, after the Bolsheviks overthrew the czarist regime in Russia. -Led by Vladimir Lenin . -A Communist Party formed in the US and the American public grew fearful that Communists were taking over. -US Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer took action to combat this “Red Scare .” -In 1919, Palmer appointed J. Edgar Hoover as his special assistant. Palmer Raids -Palmer, Hoover, and other agents hunted down suspected communist, socialist, and *Anarchists - people who oppose any form of government. *Sacco and Vanzetti - although short-lived, the red scare had people suspicions of foreigners and immigrants. These were two of the most famous victims. -In May 1920 the men (both Italian) were arrested and charged with robbery and murder of a factory paymaster and his guard in MA. -Even though the evidence against them was circumstantial, the jury still found them guilty and sentenced them to death . Limiting Immigration -The Klan Rises Again - as a result of the red scare. -The Quota System - 1919 to 1921, immigration in the US had grown almost 600%. *Quota System
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2011 for the course HI 251 taught by Professor Ladie during the Fall '07 term at N.C. State.

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Chapter 20 US - Chapter 20: Politics of the Roaring...

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