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Chapter 21 US - Chapter 21 The Roaring Life of the 1920s...

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Chapter 21: The Roaring Life of the 1920s Section 1: Changing Ways of Life -Americans experience cultural conflicts as customs in values changed in the 1920s. *18 th Amendment - (January 1920) banning the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol. -Laws against it were unenforceable. Rural and Urban Differences At the New Urban Scene - city population increased and became very overcrowded, this caused many problems. The Prohibition Experiment *Prohibition - the banning of the manufacture, sale, and possession of alcoholic beverages. -Reformers had long considered liquor a prime cause of corruption. -Thought that it lead to crime, wife and child abuse accidents on the job, and other serious social problems. -Reformers were mainly from rural South and West areas of native-born Protestants. *The Volstead Act - established a Prohibition Bureau in the treasury department in 1919. It was underfunded and enforcement was hard. Speakeasies and Bootleggers -To obtain liquor illegally, drinkers went underground to hidden saloons and nightclubs known as *Speakeasies - so-called because when inside, one spoke quietly, or easily to avoid detection. *Bootleggers - named for smugglers practice of carrying liquor in the legs of boots, who smuggled it in from Canada, Cuba, and the West Indies. - -Chicago became notorious as the home of *Al Capone - a gangster who’s bootlegging empire made over $60 million a year. -He took control of the liquor business by killing off his competition. *21 st Amendment - 1933- repealed Prohibition. Science and Religion Clash -The battle raged between fundamentalist religious groups and secular thinkers over the validity of certain scientific discoveries. American Fundamentalism *Fundamentalism - (Protestant Movement) a literal, or nonsymbolic, interpretation of the Bible. 1
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-They were skeptical of some scientific discoveries and theories; they argued that all- important knowledge could be found in the Bible.
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