Chapter 32 US

Chapter 32 US - Chapter 32: An Age of Limits Section 1: The...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 32: An Age of Limits Section 1: The Nixon Administration -November 1968 - Nixon was elected president. He tried to steer the country in a conservation direction and wanted to stay away from federal control. -During his 2 nd term, Nixon and Kissinger were able to end Americans involvement in Vietnam. Nixon’s New Conservatism *New Federalism - Nixon’s program to turnover part of the federal governments power to state and local governments. -Normally, the federal governments told state and local governments how to spend their federal money. -Under *revenue sharing - state and local governments could spend their federal dollars however they saw fit within certain limitations. Welfare Reform -In 1969, Nixon advocated the so-called *Family Assistance Plan (FAP) - where every family of seven with no outside income would receive a basic federal payment of $1,600 a year and without a provision to earn up to $4,000 a year in supplemental income. -He presented the plan in conservative terms- as a program that would reduce this supervisory role of the federal government and make welfare recipients responsible for their own lives. The Bill never passed the Senate. -Increased Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid payments and made food stamps more accessible. -Nixon worked to dismantle some of the nation’s social programs. -Nixon had been elected in 1968 on a dual promise to end the war in Vietnam and to mend the divisiveness within America that the war had created. -To accomplish this, Nixon used the full resources of his office –sometimes illegally . * Southern Strategy - Nixon’s attempt to attract the support of southern conservative Democrats who were unhappy with federal desegregation policies and the Liberal Supreme Court. He also promised to name a southerner to the Supreme Court. -In 1968, many Southern Democrats had grown disillusioned with their party. In their eyes, the party- campaign of the Great Society and civil rights had grown too liberal. -Nixon slows integration to attract white voters in the South. -He took the middle road on integration and even violated the Supreme Court second Brown v. Board ruling – which called for desegregation of schools “with all deliberate speed .” -NAACP sued and Nixon was forced to abide by the Brown ruling. -He did so reluctantly. -Nixon also opposed the extension of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 . But despite his opposition, Congress voted to extend the Act. -Nixon then attempted to stop yet another civil rights initiative, the integration of school through busing. -In 1971, the Supreme Court ruled in *Swann v. Charlotte-Meck. Board of Education - that school districts may bus students to other schools to end the pattern of all-black or all-white educational institutions. -Nixon went on national television to urge Congress to halt the practice of integration through busing.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

Chapter 32 US - Chapter 32: An Age of Limits Section 1: The...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online