2009286109816 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk...

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PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk 10/12/09 Lecture 13 ASUC Lecture Notes Online is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Do not share, copy, or illegally distribute (electronically or otherwise) these notes. Our student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. D O N O T C O P Y Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course. LECTURE Today we will finish attachment theory and start behaviorism. Three Basic Attachment Styles. Bowlby identified these. 1. secure attachment style. Characterized by low levels of concern of abandonment and rejection. 2. insecure/avoidant. This is where the individual is trying to deal with the fear of rejection by suppressing all attachment needs. Avoidant individuals felt uncomfortable when others get too close because they fear intimacy. 3. insecure/anxious-ambivalent. A key feature is that the individual is preoccupied about abandonment. But they want to really unite with someone else to alleviate these concerns. These are the theoretical attachment styles developed by Bowlby out of his observations. But researchers have to develop a paradigm to test these attachment styles in the lab. That was Mary Ainsworth’s work. She developed something called the strange situation. Ainsworth was a student of Bowlby. Strange Situation. There are key situations that psychologists look at to identify how a child is attached to his/her primary caregiver. One episode is observing what kids do during free play. Is the kid actively engaged in exploratory behavior? Are they using the mom as a secure base? How does the child respond to the mother leaving them? Then the mother leaves the child with a stranger or totally alone. Then there is a reunion where the mother comes back and the experimenters observe how the child reacts. VIDEO : Strange situation is the most commonly used standardized method for testing the attachment style of a child. The reunion is what the psychologists are particularly interested in. The child strikes a balance between attachment need and exploring the environment. The room is set up with mother and child playing on ground. The child’s name is Lisa. A stranger enters the room and sits in a chair reading a magazine. Then the stranger attempts to interact with the child. Then the mother leaves the room. The stranger tries to comfort the child. The mother reenters the room and the camera records how the child reacts. The first part of the procedure is over. The stranger leaves the mother and child alone in the room. Then soon after, the mother leaves. The child Lisa is on her own in the room. Her distress is clear. The stranger enters the room and tries to console Lisa, but to no avail. The mother reenters the room. Lisa shows signs of secure attachment. Why do you think Lisa showed secure attachment?
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2011 for the course PSY 150 taught by Professor Ayduk during the Spring '09 term at Berkeley.

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2009286109816 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk...

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