20092791013014

20092791013014 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk...

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PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk 10/05/09 Lecture 11 ASUC Lecture Notes Online is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Do not share, copy, or illegally distribute (electronically or otherwise) these notes. Our student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. D O N O T C O P Y Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course. LECTURE IV. THERAPY & BEHAVIOR CHANGE The goal of therapy is to make what is unconscious conscious. According to Freud, all these problems were repressed into the unconscious and that’s the central problem of most psychopathology. Therapy techniques . Free association is where the patient lays down on the couch and talks about anything and everything that comes to mind. They don’t have to speak in full sentences. If the patient gets stuck, had difficulty articulating whatever was going on in their mind, then the therapist would infer that this was a problem area that the patient is not able to access. So these are how areas of concern are identified. This is called resistance in the patient. The second technique is dream interpretation . Why did Freud put so much emphasis on this? He thought that during sleep, ego’s defenses are relaxed. So the ego cannot try to fully repress all the unwanted thoughts and desires. These unconscious and unfulfilled wishes surface in dreams in disguised form. The id can have some kind of partial wish fulfillment. The therapist-patient relationship is established so that the therapist is directing the dream interpretation and trying to understand what’s going on with the problem through both of these techniques. The therapist had to be supportive during this whole process so the ego would not get defensive. A third technique is transference . This is where the patient transfers negative, problematic feelings that they had in the past onto the relationship with the therapist. This is when old conflicts of the past are replayed in the context of the therapy with the therapist. If someone had a fixation in the anal stage where the conflict is all about control, then perhaps the relationship with the therapist will be all about control and who is control of the session. If the patient is fixated at the phallic stage there are issues about competition with same sex parents. If the therapist feels like if the patient is talking a lot about competition then the therapist will infer that the central problem is unsatisfied fixation in the phallic stage. The patient can transfer all these complicated thoughts and emotions onto their relationship with the therapist. The ultimate goal is therapy is to gain insight and to make whatever is unconscious conscious. This is achieved through catharsis. Freud thought that if you understood where their problems were coming from then you are able to overcome them. So you want both emotional catharsis and
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20092791013014 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk...

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