20092811034549 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk...

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PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk 10/07/09 Lecture 12 ASUC Lecture Notes Online is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Do not share, copy or illegally distribute (electronically or otherwise) these notes. Our student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. D O N O T C O P Y Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course. LECTURE II. ERIKSON’S PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY OF DEVELOPMENT Last time we talked about the two main post Freudian techniques: (1) ego’s function is not solely to resolve the conflicts between id/ego/superego, but also to function in planning and rationalizing outside of the conflict sphere that Freud has largely ignored. The other post-Freud technique is asserting people’s (2) social and interpersonal needs rather than simply biological needs. Freud only emphasized people’s biological needs. Erikson talked about psychosocial theory of development instead of having a biological-based stage theory of development. One of the main points Erikson made was that development is a lifelong process. According to Freud, development was pretty much over after the genital stage. Erikson believed that we are always developing and learning from experience throughout our lives. Erikson emphasized development in later stages of life when we are more aged. Erikson said that each stage of psychosocial development corresponds to a biological process. He talked about turning points that people had to overcome and how each stage can define the personality of a person in the long run. Erikson proposed his own theory of stage development; each stage is defined by a psychological process rather than a biological process. Oral Basic trust vs. Mistrust. Erikson said that this stage is where a child is completely dependent on others. Because of that dependency, the child will either learn to trust in others or not trust in others. Let’s say that the baby is crying for food. The mother feeds the baby. What does the child learn? Two lessons can be drawn from this experience. What does the mother’s responsivity communicate to the child? That the child can trust the world and people will attend to his/her needs. The child also learns that they can manipulate the environment, by crying, to produce a result. There is a mutual trust both in the world and in their capacity to elicit responses from the outside world. The child needs to reconcile: can I trust myself with other people or can I not trust them? Anal Autonomy vs. Shame & doubt. Freud put a lot of emphasis on toilet training. But Erikson emphasized the sense of control over oneself and others that children gained from bowel movements. So relieving oneself is pleasurable because it brings
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20092811034549 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk...

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