Exam 1 Review

Exam 1 Review - ExamReviewPoliSciExam1 14:10

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Exam Review Poli Sci Exam 1 14:10 What is government and why do we have it?  Government  - a formally established way of making and carrying out political  decisions. Why do we have it ? Because government can do things for us. Life without  government would be worse. Without government, we would have to exist in  what some have call the “state of nature”. Politics  - the competition to shape government's impact on society's  problems and goals. Social Contract Theory - It is not a written contract, but rather, a general  agreement between the people and their government. Each accepts certain  obligations.  The people agree to give up some of their liberty and in  exchange, the government guarantees to protect what were called “natural  rights.” Normative  - the way things ought to be Empirical  - the way things actually are Purposes of government-  to protect the natural laws.  Natural Laws:  Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness. What purpose have government traditionally served? What does  government do? Protecting life o Authorities Protecting rights and liberties o Justices system Providing public goods o Roads
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Promoting equality o Relatively modern function of government o Most controversial aspect But these things may at time conflict.  Citizens disagree about which functions  are most important and which functions should be most vigorously enforced.  Disagreements usually arise from differences in individual priorities, and the way  these priories are organized is called a political ideology.  Political Ideology : a coherent set of beliefs about how policies affect society  and which policies are desirable.  In the US, we mainly think of two: Liberals Conservatives Populists Libertarians o More numerous third party The Policy Process People: o Interests o Concerns o Problems Linkage Processes: o Elections o Polls o Lobbying Linkage Institutions :
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o Political parties o Interest groups o Media  o Governmental Agenda Government: o Congress o President o Courts Policies : o Expenditures o Regulations o Taxes o Non-decisions ALL FORM A CYCLE AND IMPACT EACHOHER The Requirements for a democracy Popular Sovereignty:  people are the ultimate source of all public authority Political Equality:  each person carries the same weight in voting and other  political decision making Political Liberty:  freedoms of speech, press, religion, assembly, etc. are  essential for democracy to work Focus on Popular Sovereignty:   what six conditions are important?
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Government policies reflect the wishes of the people  – do the people 
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2011 for the course ISDS 2000 taught by Professor Nunnery during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Exam 1 Review - ExamReviewPoliSciExam1 14:10

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