Exam 2 Review

Exam 2 Review - POLI 2051 Dr. Kenny Exam 2 review An *...

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POLI 2051 Dr. Kenny Exam 2 review An * means that the question or questions from this section have been particularly problematic in the past. Ch. 5 - Public Opinion Public Opinion - The collected attitudes of citizens on a given issue or question Why is it important? Because in a democracy there must be some link between what the public thinks, and what the government does. The nature of that link can vary greatly. Who is most interested in Public Opinion? Elected Officials – Public Opinion may influence government decision-making. Academics – Seek to understand why people behave the way they do. The People – May be motivated to become active in politics. There is also the question of whether the public is capable of governing? Surveys show that people -are not very interested in politics -are ignorant of much that goes on politically -Rely heavily on cues and shortcuts rather than informed issue positions Where does public opinion come from? Political Socialization: A complex process through which individuals become aware of politics, learn political facts, and form political values. Important to remember that socialization occurs throughout our lives. Generational effects – specific age group uniquely affected by set of historical events (Vietnam, Great Depression) Life cycle effects – political views are influenced by maturation. Period effects – historical events affect everyone (end of the cold war caused everyone to want to spend less on defense) the agents of socialization family, community, education, peers, etc. Our behavior may also be based on our biology. Nature vs. Nurture - both are important How do we know what public opinion is? We used to have to guess, but now we do polls. How do they work?
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The statistical theory of sampling The statistical theory of sampling – a sample of individuals selected by chance from any population is representative of that population. What determines the accuracy of a poll? the way the sample is selected the size of the sample the way the survey is put together question wording survey responses on “welfare” vs. “assisting the poor” leading questions social desirability question clarity double-barreled question- Two questions made into one. question require knowledge the person doesn’t have Question ordering Question ordering matters. More people agree that communist reporters should be able to report the news from the US as they see fit if that question is asked after the question about US reporters being allowed into communist countries. Fewer people are willing to allow communist reporters into the US if the one about US reporters being allowed into communist countries does not precede that question. How do polls affect opinion?
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Exam 2 Review - POLI 2051 Dr. Kenny Exam 2 review An *...

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