ARN18450_ADP 4-0 FINAL WEB.pdf - ADP 4-0 SUSTAINMENT JULY 2019 DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION Approved for public release distribution is unlimited This

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Unformatted text preview: ADP 4-0 SUSTAINMENT JULY 2019 DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This publication supersedes ADP 4-0 and ADRP 4-0, dated 31 July 2012. HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Foreword Seldom will all logistics principles exert equal influence; usually one or two will dominate in any given situation. Identifying those principles that have priority in a specific situation is essential to establishing effective support. —JP 4-0, Doctrine for Logistics Support of Joint Operations, Sep 25, 1992. The Army’s contribution to joint operations is unified land operations executed through decisive action and guided by the Army’s approach to command and control, mission command. ADP 4-0, Sustainment, is the Army’s principal sustainment doctrine that captures the most critical lessons from a decade of continuous, small scale, land combat. In this edition, we retain lessons of the past but also look to a future where large-scale combat operations against peer threats is a distinct possibility. This publication builds on the idea that success requires fully integrating Army sustainment operations with the efforts of unified action partners, across all domains, to achieve enduring outcomes. ADP 4-0 provides a common operational doctrine for sustaining Army forces operating across the full range of military operations in multiple domains of air, land, sea, space, and cyberspace. Army forces not engaged in ongoing operations are focused on their readiness for future operations that require sustainment, training and professional education built on doctrine. ADP 4-0 informs the preparation, sustainment, and execution of operations. All leaders need to understand and be familiar with it. The central idea of unified land operations is that, as part of a joint force, Army forces seize, retain, and exploit the initiative to gain a position of relative advantage in order to shape the operational environment, prevent conflict, consolidate gains, and win our nation’s wars. ADP 4-0 is a continuation of the doctrine established in ADP 3-0, Operations. It describes the sustainment warfighting function and discusses the principles of sustainment. It discusses the elements of sustainment— logistics, financial management, personnel services and health service support and describes the sustainment of unified action. ADP 4-0 discusses how sustainment provides operational reach, freedom of action and endurance in the execution of unified land operations. It emphasizes the connection between the strategic support area and operational and tactical sustainment actions. ADP 4-0 serves as the sustainment doctrine for the Army. Its central idea, adapted to the unique conditions of each operational environment, represents how the Army sustains unified action. It will permeate our sustainment doctrine, our training, and our leader professional development programs now and into the future. RODNEY D. FOGG MAJOR GENERAL, UNITED STATES ARMY COMMANDING *ADP 4-0 Army Doctrine Publication No. 4-0 Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC, 31 July 2019 Sustainment Contents Page PREFACE.................................................................................................................... iii INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................... v Chapter 1 FUNDAMENTALS OF SUSTAINMENT ................................................................... 1-1 Sustainment Warfighting Function ............................................................................ 1-1 Principles of Sustainment .......................................................................................... 1-2 Logistics Elements ..................................................................................................... 1-5 Financial Management ............................................................................................ 1-10 Personnel Services .................................................................................................. 1-11 Human Resources Support ..................................................................................... 1-11 Health Service Support ............................................................................................ 1-18 Summary ................................................................................................................. 1-20 Chapter 2 SUSTAINMENT OF UNIFIED ACTION .................................................................... 2-1 Strategic Support Area .............................................................................................. 2-1 Army Sustainment Responsibilities ........................................................................... 2-2 Joint Interdependence ............................................................................................... 2-4 Role of Institutional Army........................................................................................... 2-6 Role of Operating Forces ........................................................................................ 2-10 Interorganizational Coordination ............................................................................. 2-16 Multinational Coordination ....................................................................................... 2-18 Operational Contract Support .................................................................................. 2-20 Summary ................................................................................................................. 2-22 Chapter 3 SUSTAINMENT OF UNIFIED LAND OPERATIONS ............................................... 3-1 Operational Context ................................................................................................... 3-1 Sustainment Planning ................................................................................................ 3-2 Section I – Operational Reach ................................................................................ 3-4 Army Pre-positioned Stocks ...................................................................................... 3-4 Force Projection ........................................................................................................ 3-6 Theater Opening ........................................................................................................ 3-6 Section II – Freedom of Action ............................................................................... 3-9 Sustainment Preparation ........................................................................................... 3-9 Sustainment Execution ............................................................................................ 3-10 Section III – Endurance ......................................................................................... 3-13 Reconstitution .......................................................................................................... 3-13 Distribution ............................................................................................................... 3-13 DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. *This publication supersedes ADP 4-0 and ADRP 4-0 dated 31 July 2012. ADP 4-0 i Contents Theater Closing ....................................................................................................... 3-15 Summary ................................................................................................................. 3-17 GLOSSARY ................................................................................................ Glossary-1 REFERENCES........................................................................................ References-1 INDEX ............................................................................................................... Index-1 Figures Introductory figure-1. ADP 4-0 logic chart......................................................................................... vi Figure 1-1. Principles of sustainment ............................................................................................ 1-3 Figure 2-1. Competition continuum. ............................................................................................... 2-1 Figure 2-2. Joint deployment and distribution enterprise ............................................................... 2-5 Figure 2-3. Notional area of responsibility command and control of sustainment forces ............ 2-12 Figure 2-4. Notional task organized division sustainment brigade for an armored division ........ 2-14 Figure 2-5. Notional division sustainment support battalion ........................................................ 2-15 Tables Introductory table-1. New and modified Army terms ....................................................................... vii Table 1-1. Classes of supply ......................................................................................................... 1-7 This publication is available at the Army Publishing Directorate site ( ), and the Central Army Registry site ( ). ii ADP 4-0 31 July 2019 Preface ADP 4-0, Sustainment, expands the discussion on the overarching guidance on sustainment in ADP 3-0, Operations. It constitutes the Army’s view of how it supports prompt and sustained operations on land and sets the foundation for developing the other principles, tactics, techniques, and procedures detailed in subordinate doctrine publications. It also forms the basis for Army training and education system curricula. The principal audience for ADP 4-0 is all Army Soldiers and civilians who provide sustainment support as well as those members of the Army profession who depend on and receive that support. Sustainment commanders and staffs of Army headquarters should also refer to applicable joint or multinational doctrine concerning support to joint or multinational forces. Trainers and educators throughout the Army will also use this publication as the foundation for training and education. To comprehend the doctrine contained in ADP 4-0, readers must first understand the fundamentals of unified land operations described in ADP 3-0. They must also understand the language of tactics and the fundamentals of Army operations described in FM 3-0, Operations. Commanders, staffs, and subordinates ensure that their decisions and actions comply with applicable United States, international, and in some cases host nation laws and regulations. Commanders at all levels ensure that their Soldiers operate in accordance with the law of war and the rules of engagement. (See FM 27-10.) ADP 4-0 uses joint terms where applicable. Selected joint and Army terms and definitions appear in both the glossary and the text. Terms for which ADP 4-0 is the proponent publication (the authority) are italicized in the text and are marked with an asterisk (*) in the glossary. Terms and definitions for which ADP 4-0 is the proponent publication are boldfaced in the text. For other definitions shown in the text, the term is italicized and the number of the proponent publication follows the definition. ADP 4-0 applies to the Regular Army, Army National Guard of the United States, the Army National Guard while in the service of the United States, and the United States Army Reserve unless otherwise stated. United States Army Combined Arms Support Command (CASCOM) is the proponent for this publication. The preparing agency is the G-3/5/7 Doctrine Division, United States Army Combined Arms Support Command. Send written comments and recommendations on a DA Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms) to Commander, United States Army Combined Arms Support Command, ATTN: ATCL-TDID (ADP 4-0), 2221 Adams Avenue, Building 5020, Fort Lee, VA, 23801-1809; or submit an electronic DA Form 2028 by e-mail to: [email protected] 31 July 2019 ADP 4-0 iii This page intentionally left blank. Introduction ADP 4-0, Sustainment, is the Armys doctrine for sustainment in support of operations. The doctrine discussed in this manual is nested with ADP 3-0, Operations, and describes the sustainment warfighting function. The endurance of Army forces is primarily a function of their sustainment and is essential to retaining and exploiting the initiative. Sustainment provides the support necessary to maintain operations until mission accomplishment. The relationship between sustainment and operation is depicted in introductory figure-1 on page vi. Sustainment must be integrated and synchronized with operations at every level to include those of our joint and multinational partners. Sustainment depends on joint and strategic links for strategic airlift, sealift, intratheater airlift, and strategic and theater-level supply support. Sustainment depends on our host nation (HN) partners to provide infrastructure and logistics support necessary to ensure both maneuver forces and followon sustainment are delivered to right place, at the right time, and in an operable condition. This dependence on our joint and strategic links and our multinational partners means sustainment is inherently joint. Through joint interdependence, the combatant commander (CCDR) is able to maximize the effect the Army’s capabilities in an operational area. The Army’s robust sustainment capability assists in providing theater and port opening functions enabling joint forces to conduct strategic and operational reach. Army sustainment capabilities provide the bulk of Army support to other services in the forms of executive agent, common-user logistics, lead service, and other common sustainment resources. Army support to other services enables joint forces with freedom of action and endurance. ADP 4-0 contains three chapters: Chapter 1 discusses the four elements of the sustainment warfighting function: logistics, financial management, personnel services, and health service support. It establishes the principles for each of the elements. Chapter 2 describes the important roles that the United States (U.S.) military and interorganizational partners play during the sustainment of Army forces. It describes joint interdependence and how sustaining the Army and joint forces are linked. It also describes the Army’s Title 10 responsibilities and the roles of the generating force, operating force, interorganizational coordination and multinational partners in providing sustainment. Chapter 3 discusses unified land operations in an operational context and continues with a description of command and control of sustainment forces. This chapter concludes with describing how sustainment provides operational reach, freedom of action and endurance to combat forces. For the purpose of this manual, the use of the terms sustainment headquarters and sustainment command refers to those organizations that provide one or more of the elements of the sustainment warfighting function. 31 July 2019 ADP 4-0 v Introduction Introductory figure-1. ADP 4-0 logic chart vi ADP 4-0 31 July 2019 Introduction Terms for which ADP 4-0 is the proponent are listed in introductory table-1. These terms also appear in the glossary. Introductory table-1. New and modified Army terms Term or Acronym Remarks anticipation ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. container management ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. continuity ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. distribution management Modifies the definition. ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. economy ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. field services ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. improvisation ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. integration ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. intermodal operations ATP 4-13 is now the proponent for the term. logistics ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. mode operations ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. movement control (Army) ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. personnel services ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. port opening ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. responsiveness ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. simplicity ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. sustainment Modifies the definition. ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. sustainment preparation of the operational environment ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. theater opening ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. theater closing ADP 4-0 is now the proponent for the term. 31 July 2019 ADP 4-0 vii This page intentionally left blank. Chapter 1 Fundamentals of Sustainment For the Army, sustainment is the provision of logistics, financial management, personnel services, and health service support necessary to maintain operations until successful mission completion. Sustainment is accomplished through the coordination, integration, and synchronization of resources from the strategic level through the tactical level in conjunction with our joint and multinational partners. Sustainment operations enable force readiness. Sustainment operations maintain Army forces by equipping it with materiel, funding it with required resources, staffing it with trained Soldiers and leaders, and by providing it with the force health protection needed. Army sustainment is based on an integrated process (people, systems, materiel, health service support, and other support) inextricably linking sustainment to operations. The concept focuses on building an operational ready Army, delivering it to the CCDR as part of the joint force, and sustaining its combat power across the depth of the operational area and with unrelenting endurance. SUSTAINMENT WARFIGHTING FUNCTION The sustainment warfighting function is one of the eight Sustainment Warfighting Function elements of combat power: leadership, information, Logistics command and control, movement and maneuver, intelligence, fires, sustainment, and protection (See ADP Financial Management 3-0). The sustainment warfighting function is the related Personnel Services tasks and systems that provide support and services to Health Service Support ensure freedom of action, extended operational reach, and prolong endurance (ADP 3-0). Sustainment determines the depth and duration of Army operations (ADP 3-0). Successful sustainment enables freedom of action by increasing the number of options available to the commander. Sustainment is essential for retaining and exploiting the initiative. The sustainment warfighting function consists of four elements: logistics, financial management, personnel services and health service support as shown in the sustainment warfighting function logic chart (Introductory figure-1). LOGISTICS 1-1. Logistics is planning and executing the movement and support of forces. It includes those aspects of military operations that deal with: design and development; acquisition, storage, movement, distribution, maintenance, and disposition of materiel; acquisition or construction, maintenance, operation, and disposition of facilities; and acquisition or furnishing of services. The explosive ordnance disposal tasks are discussed under the protection warfighting function. Army logistics elements are: maintenance, transportation, supply, field services, distribution, operational contract support, and general engineering. For additional details, see FM 4-95. 31 July 2019 ADP 4-0 1-1 Chapter 1 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 1-2. Financial management leverages fiscal policy and economic power across the range of military operations. Financial management encompasses finance operations and resource management. For additional details, see FM 1-06. PERSONNEL SERVICES 1-3. Personnel services are sustainment functions that man the force, maintain Soldier and Family readiness, promote the moral and ethical values of the Nation, and e...
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