報告

報告 -...

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Unformatted text preview: Foodborne disease (food poisoning) tends to be regarded as a comedy illness—not pleasantPlay o to have, or talk about, but little more than an inconvenience. So easy to ignores the size of the illness burden. @P @ èI ˜ ½ ª; @ » kF ˆ Z „½ª; 1 ƒŽuvÀ ; p» k F About 1% of the population of Europe will be infected with Campylobacter spp each year. Infection is associated of Guillain-Barre syndrome, the commonest cause of acute flaccid paralysis in polio-free regions in the world. ø ’ • ½ ª 1 “ )@ @P @ @ »kF ŁI ˜ ½ ª * h Z„ ½ ª; There has three of the major pathogens—Campylobacter spp, Salmonella spp, and Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli O157 - They are zoonoses (that’s mean, transmitted from animals to humans). As well as causing acute symptoms including diarrhoea and vomiting, infection can have long term implications. ? ?��� @ » kF º kF d 0157 ) @ “ @»k Both campylobacter and salmonella infections can result in reactive arthritis and infection with O157 is a leading cause of haemolytic uraemic syndrome, the most common preventable trigger for acute renal failure in children. º kF 0157 ?��� @ » kF º kF Campylobacter is found in raw and undercooked poultry; other sources include red meat, unpasteurized milk and untreated water. Food can be contaminated by improper handling and poor hygiene. “ )@ @P @ � @ » kF d “) @ Clinical management of patients in primary care is generally the same give rest and rehydration. If the symptoms just uncomplicated diarrhea, we not often give with antimicrobials. @»k F d ­>ł • ½ ª; “) @ � áÕà r À ; ? @ » kF Salmonella - main sources are poultry, and red meat, unpasteurised milk and raw egg products. Food can be contaminated by improper handling and poor hygiene. ƒ Ž u vÀ ; p »k F ÿ ¹k F ð¹ k F `¹ k F Because there is no evidence to show the antibiotic treatment of àuncomplicated salmonella diarrhoea in otherwise healthy children and adults is beneficial, and it may even prolong salmonella carriage. ó ƒ Žu vÀ; p »k F ÿ ¹k F ð¹kF A fä ¶ E. coli O157 - H7 type is often found on undercooked minced beef and unpasteurised milk. Outbreaks have also involved sprouted seeds, unpasteurised fruit juices, leafy greens and cheese. It specially affects the very young and the very old. o �� H7 �Y „ ½ ª ; Y„ ½ ª; A “ ÌEã rÀ ; r n o Antimicrobial treatment in cases of E. coli O157 - H7 infection might do positive harm, potentially help the onset of haemolytic uraemic syndrome. o ø ’ • ½ ª 0157 0 ¶ ª * Ð ¹k F � ��� Af Campylobacter is the main bacterial cause of gastro enteritis in the developed world. è I ˜ ½ ª ; h Z „ ½ ª ; Limiting inappropriate antimicrobial use also has broader public health benefits. á Õ à r À; ? Primary prevention of foodborne zoonoses is mainly a veterinary responsibility. However, organisms causing human illness do not necessarily have animal health implications — campylobacter and STEC O157 are cases in point. @ »kF d “)@ E. coli O157 - H7 o o "Public health medicine” is of vital importance, contributing to tackling health inequalities as well as health improvement and protection. Public health doctors played a key role in, for example, tackling swine flu . “Ð ¹ k F @¹ k F €\ „½ ª ; € \ „ ½ ª; " Ì Eã rÀ ; r o Acknowledging the importance of an integrated approach to investigation and control of zoonoses, including foodborne zoonoses, several European countries have formed unified administrative structures. ¸½• ª; ð d ä oi ºkF @ ¸ • •½ ª Food poisoning can be serious, and doctors and vets have key roles in tackling it. b áÕ à rÀ ; i a vets and doctors form either end of a chain (from primary prevention at one end to dealing with its failures at the other) and that decisions made by many others along the food chain, including in the food industry (primary production, retail, and catering) affect our exposure to foodborne pathogens. @P@ @P@ o @»kF @»kF I 1 ƒŽuvÀ ; ƒŽuvÀ ; p »kF p »kF So that importance of foodborne zoonoses and of the collaborative efforts needed to control them. @»kF d “)@ ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2011 for the course MEDICAL 101 taught by Professor Macdon during the Spring '10 term at Mahidol University, Bangkok.

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