Tuberculosis - Mycobacteriumtuberculosis...

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis
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Tuberculosis– definition   Tuberculosis, or TB, is an  infectious bacterial disease  caused by Mycobacterium  tuberculosis, which most  commonly affects the lungs. It is  transmitted from person to  person via droplets from the  throat and lungs of people with  the active respiratory disease. 
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Tuberculosis– definition In healthy people, infection with  Mycobacterium tuberculosis often causes  no symptoms, since the person's immune  system acts to “wall off” the bacteria. The  symptoms of active TB of the lung are  coughing, sometimes with sputum or blood,  chest pains, weakness, weight loss, fever  and night sweats. Tuberculosis is treatable  with a six-month course of antibiotics. 
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Transmission of  M. tuberculosis  Spread by airborne route; droplet nuclei Transmission affected by Infectiousness of patient Environmental conditions Duration of exposure Most exposed persons do not become  infected
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TB is NOT spread by shaking someone’s hand  sharing food or drink  touching bed linens or toilet seats  sharing toothbrushes  kissing                                                                                         FROM CDC
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Co-infection of tuberculosis Co-infection . People infected with one infectious  disease become more susceptible to other diseases.  Examples include: HIV/AIDS co-infection with  tuberculosis  co-infection with multiple neglected  diseases  [Buruli ulcer, Chagas disease, cholera/epidemic diarrhoeal  diseases, dengue/dengue haemorrhagic fever, dracunculiasis (guinea- worm), endemic treponematoses (yaws, pinta, endemic syphilis),  human African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), leishmaniasis,  leprosy, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciais, schistosomiasis, soil- transmitted helminthiasis (roundworm, hookworm and whipworm), and  trachoma] .
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Co-infection of tuberculosis Infectious diseases are prevalent in developing countries, where  co-infection is common. Many people lack access to needed  preventive and treatment care in these countries. Over 9.5 million people die each year due to infectious diseases 
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Tuberculosis - Mycobacteriumtuberculosis...

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