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Atlantic Slave Trade

Atlantic Slave Trade - Week 2(9/8-9/10 African Perspective...

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Week 2 (9/8-9/10) African Perspective of the Atlantic Slave Trade – Conditions, Facts, History Africa in World History (By: Gilbert and Reynolds) Early Relations – Religion, Trade and Politics o Africans had some desires – sought access to firearms, textiles from India o First century of European contact had a significant impact on Africa history – real influence over the flow and nature of trade Africa Transformed – Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade o By the 17 th c less and less were commodities – textiles, spices, gold – all being traded off and increasingly sought human beings o 18 th c volume of the trade was expanding – this new trade fed the labor demand created by the rise of a plantation economy in the New World, and Africans possessed the knowledge and disease resistance that unfortunately made them the most successful population for this harsh system of production o Then the slave trade became a means by which they could increase legitimacy and expand political support Thus it was not merely greed for material wealth but like a capitalist society, the role of material goods in securing political influence that made participation desirable – even for Africans Some see the era of the slave trade as chaotic and stress the very means of acquiring slaves were destabilizing to societies Whatever the reasons for it, all the elements came together to create an environment in which populations were overwhelmed by insecurity o Insecurity caused nations to rely on Britain for aid The End of the Slave Trade and the Rise of Legitimate Trade o
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