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Exam II review - 1 Loosening T ies 1 A Decentralized Empire...

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1. Loosening Ties 1. A Decentralized Empire 1. 50 years following the Glorious Revolution, English Parliament established a growing supremacy over the king. 1. Rules Kings were George I and George II, through these Kings, Parliament became the nation’s true executives. 2. Through this, and because of the merchants influence, England still maintained a loose control on the colonies. 3. The imperial system was going further into looseness 1. Things such as the governors not truly being able men, for example most taking this position were using bribes to get at that authority, and continued to do so even when in office. 2. Because of this looseness the colonist took advantage, colonial assemblies , had asserted their own authority to levy taxes, and make appropriations, approve appointments, and pass laws. (known as “mini parliments”) 2. The Colonies Divided 1. Even with all of these things (as mentioned above) going on. The majority of most colonist thought themselves as loyal Englishmen (definitely not the women ;D). In 1754 they faced a common and old enemy, the French and France’s Indian allies. Delegates from Pen, Maryland, New York, and New England met in Albany in that year to negotiate a treaty with the Iroquois. 1. The proposal, aka Albany Plan , was proposed by Ben Franklin to set up a “general government” to manage relations with the Indians.
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1. War with the French and Indians was already beginning when the Albany Plan was presented to the Colonial assemblies. NONE APPROVED. 2. The Struggle for the Continent :: The big thing about the 7 years war was that it insured the fact of British Commercial Supremacy (hence why when were began to fight the British, the French were rather eager to jump in (ie revenge). 1. New France and the Iroquois nation 1. French Empire stretched from Mississippi River and its delta Lousiana, and the continental interior as far west as the Rocky Mountains and as far south as the Rio Grande. Therefore, most of the interior of the continent. 2. France’s Colonial Empire was more or less the fact that they had fortresses and missionaries and everything such as that all spread out along the parts of the continent they had. “would be feudal lords” established their estates on the Sy. Lawrence River. 1. The French estates and towns up north near Quebec did have plantations (like the south with Blacks) 3. There were huge difference with the Indians and the way they were treated between the French and the British. The French were very tolerant of them and also were successful in converting them to Catholocism. 1. Naturally you can see where this is going in the sense of French Indian relations > British 4. The Iriqouis Confederacy however had remained aloof from both sides. And successfully traded with both sides, and also ended up playing both the French and British against one another.
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