JOUR175 - JOUR175Sec0601 18:40...

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JOUR175 Sec 0601 18:40 September 7, 2010; The Pace of Technology 1734      = Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Press truly began article written by John Peter Zenger in NY Weekly Journal attacking Colonial  Governor William Cosby o Zenger charged with “seditious libel” o seditious libel = giving false information through print This issue ordered burned Andrew Hamilton called to jury and defended the “cause of liberty”  Early American papers unusual in their challenges to authority Newspapers historically and commonly are conservative Newspapers appear regularly and cannot hide from authority As businesses they have a stake in community’s stability Partisan Press Early post-Revolution US newspapers were vicious mouthpieces for political  parties o Federalists gained power in 1797 when John Adams became president In 1798, Adams and Federalists who controlled Congress passed the  Alien  and Sedition Act o Increased the residency requirement for American citizenship from 5 to 14  years o Authorized the president to imprison or deport aliens considered  “dangerous to the peace and safety of the U.S.” o Restricted speech critical of the government Basically tried to control the people through speech 25 Anti-Federalist newspapers were arrested for making statements critical  against the government
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o this angered the citizen who voted Adams out of office, electing Thomas  Jefferson as the 3 rd  president What did the Americans learn? o 1 . o 2.  *What is the company that advertises every day in NY times on the top of page  3?  Tiffany Jewelers  Shift to daily publication of newspapers in early 19 th  century allowed up to date info needed by merchants encouraged the growth of advertising but “Mercantile Papers” were expensive at 6 cents a copy – for wealthy readers  only two business models: ads vs. selling copies *What was the new invention that allowed Benj. Day in 1833 to sell “The Sun” for  only a penny?  Steam engine Steam-power technology allowed things to be sped up technology changed who could afford newspapers changed the news content changed nature of American politics o fostering of democracy  What is news? Is news everything that happens, or are there certain events that are  newsworthy and others that are not? The Birth of “Objectivity” the enshrining of the “Inverted Pyramid” as the preferred newspaper writing  style
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o who, what, where, when (why and how)? Most Newsworthy Info
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JOUR175 - JOUR175Sec0601 18:40...

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