Socy 227 Fall 2010 Midterm Review Sheet

Socy 227 Fall 2010 Midterm Review Sheet - Socy 227 Fall...

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Socy 227 Fall 2010 Midterm Review Sheet Sections 0101 and 0201 Midterm Exam: in class on Monday, October 11 Closed book, closed notes. Please bring PENS (no pencil) and student IDs. NO MAKE UP EXAMS (except in HIGHLY unusual circumstances—if there is any reason you may miss the exam, tell me ASAP or risk losing 30% of your grade) Topics Covered: Weeks 1-6 Introduction Defining Deviance & Social Control Positivist/Explanatory Theories Constructionist Theories Studying Deviance Social Organization of Deviance Readings/Films Covered: -Adler & Adler “Defining Deviance” (e-res) People get labeled as deviant for different reasons: ABCs of deviance o Attitudes (beliefs) o Behaviors (actions) – intentional or inadvertent o Conditions (ascribed or achieved) Also discusses how ideas about what CAUSES deviance have changed over time o SIN: deviance attributed to the influence of the devil o SICK: medicalization of deviance o SELECTED: people make choices; some deviance reflects these choices -The Twilight Zone: “Eye of the Beholder” Ugliness is the norm in that society o Take deviance very seriously; segregate them from the norm o Looks are serious enough to be hospitalized This shows us we choose the norm; who makes the rules? -Thio et al “Introduction” (RDB) * -Clinard and Meier “Social Control” (e-res) * - Milgram Obedience Really tested people’s willingness to hurt people o 60% went all of the way even though the student was voicing pain All people went farther than they wanted to Milgram concluded: we are used to submitting to impersonal authority figures with higher status – we view the authority as larger/more important than the individual, and we shift responsibility for our behavior to the authority figure Milgram’s distinction between conformity and obedience: o Conformity = going along with peers (people of our own status) o Obedience = complying with higher authorities -This American Life: “Pray” (ELMS)
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Note differences in definition of deviance (from different norms/values) – even in the same country at the same time period: subculture Prayer walkers explain deviance as not praying every day; very different than what some others explain as deviance -Merton “Strain Theory” (RDB) builds on Durkheim – anomie theory of deviance (aka structural-strain theory); anomie = norms of society don’t match its social structure, all societies have goals for members (socially valued things worth striving for) and approved means of meeting the goals o people adapt in various ways: either conforming to or deviating from cultural expectations conformity = most common, people accept overall goal and approved means deviance (nonconformity) 1. Innovators 2. Ritualists 3. Retreatists 4. Rebels -Sutherland and Cressey “Differential Association Theory” (RDB) people learn definitions of behavior through social interaction, communicating with others; importance of primary groups/significant others and include both techniques and motivations/rationalizations o
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Socy 227 Fall 2010 Midterm Review Sheet - Socy 227 Fall...

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