IT304 - IT in the Global Economy AIT Department George...

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IT in the Global Economy AIT Department George Mason University Author: Dr. Anne Marchant
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The ICT Revolution ICT-Information and Communications Technology “…the Internet and other ICTs have fundamentally changed the way the world works.” (Kirkman, et al, The Global Information Technology Report . Oxford University Press, 2001-2002.) Is this true? Is it true for the whole world?
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I. The ICT Revolution in Context 1. Historical perspective 2. Overview 3. The Future II. Sidebar: The Effects of the IT Revolution on Communication III. Class Exercise on Writing
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Where have we been? The ICT Revolution in Context ICT technologies drive globalization and provides the infrastructure for globalization processes. In this lecture, we will examine the origins of globalization, from a technological, political, and social perspective. We will introduce broad themes that will be examined in more depth as we go through the course.
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“Wiki” History of Technological Evolution 50K-10K BCE Paleolithic-Human camps->small huts/bands 10KNeolithic-transition from food gathering to agricultural production (farmers/herders) 4000-3500 BCE Chalcolithic: Stone->copper tool transition 3500-1200 BCE Bronze Age-bronze tools First millennium BCE Iron Age-iron tools Middle ages: “dark ages in Europe”/flowering of Middle Eastern Technology and culture (400-1000 CE). Industrial Revolution 19 th Century: steam power, electricity Transition from Manufacturing to Service Economy 20 th Century Technological Revolution 21 st Century
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“Wiki” History of Economic Evolution Hunter-Gatherer Agriculture Manufacturing Service ICT Can you truly characterize a revolution if you are in it? ICT=Information and Communications Technology
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“Wiki” History of Political Evolution bands tribes/towns urbanization city-states empire/ superpower Can you truly characterize a revolution if you are in it? nation states ?
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Recent Technological Ages Examples of “Ages” as defined by technology: Age of Steam Power Age of the Automobile Atomic Age The Space Age The Information Age
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Is Globalization a new thing? One can argue that human kind has always sought to expand beyond known frontiers. Examples: the European colonialism of the 18 th and 19 th centuries, Marco Polo (1254-1324 CE) and the silk route, and the expansion of the Assyrian state (2000 BCE-600 BCE). Some would argue that since there are no more frontiers (except space, which has special challenges), that the current global shift has new meaning.
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What is the next step? Castells argues that the power of nation-states is being eroded by global communications, international crime, and global economic and political forces. People see nations as increasingly incapable of solving immediate problems: Some authority is being turned back to states and local authorities.
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