IT304.4 - IT in the Global Economy AIT Department George...

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IT in the Global Economy AIT Department George Mason University Author: Dr. Anne Marchant 1
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I. Global Governance and e-governance 2
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I. Global Governance and e-governance “Supra national organizations” are forming to govern the global economy. Examples: WTO, World Bank, IMF, ICANN, etc. ICT makes this possible. E-governance is a factor in the NRI. 3
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Supranational organizations NGOs and Global Consortia International Crime and Law Enforcement Privacy and the “information prison” Today we will examine how ICT is facilitating power shifts globally. 4
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Information Linked to Globalization Frank Webster, “Globalization, Information, and Change,” in Technology Development and Democracy , p. 79: “Information has always been integrally linked to globalization…” “We may speak now, for the first time in human history, of the entire planet being organized around a single set of economic principles (profitability, private ownership, competition, and market criteria), which are increasingly capable of being operational in real time on a global scale.” 5
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Other technologies Frank Webster, “Globalization, Information, and Change,” in Technology Development and Democracy , p. 80. Webster goes on to observe that ICT is only one set of technologies that facilitates globalization. One must also consider air transportation and the expansion of language learning and translation technologies. 6
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Castell’s “A Powerless State?” Castells argues that power is shifting. Nation states are having to defer some authority to supra-national economic and political organizations and some back to the regional level. Nation states are further challenged by international crime and the globalization of media and communication. The pervasiveness of communication technologies makes it difficult for repressive regimes to retain control. 7
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How Power is Shifting JP Singh, in Information Tecnology and Global Politics , identifies different types of power: Traditional types: Instrumental (power to effect an outcome; e.g. an army) Structural (power of organizations and governments through processes; e.g. voting) New types Meta power (power of networks and information) Soft Power (power of persuasion through communications) 8
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Organizations International political and/or regulatory organizations: UN, IMF (International Monetary Fund), WTO (World Trade Organization) International policy coordinating organizations such as the G8 (US, Canada, Japan, Germany, England, France, Italy, Russia). Adjudicating bodies such as the International Court of Justice and International Criminal Court Regional economic blocs such as NAFTA, CAFTA, EU, MEFTA, ASEAN, East African Common Market, etc. 9
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2011 for the course IT 304 taught by Professor Kendal during the Fall '09 term at George Mason.

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IT304.4 - IT in the Global Economy AIT Department George...

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