IT304.9 - IT in the Global Economy AIT Department George...

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IT in the Global Economy AIT Department George Mason University Author: Dr. Anne Marchant
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I. Global Trade Organizations II. Exporting Technology III. Treaties IV. Ecommerce and Taxation
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Trade The WTO (World Trade Organization) was established in 1995 as a result of GATT (General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs). It is comprised of 148 members and includes representatives from organizations such as the UN, WIPO, World bank and IMF. This is a global organization that: Provides a forum for negotiation Administers agreements Settles disputes Provides assistance to developing nations
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WTO-CTD CTD-Committee on Trade and Development This group is working on E-commerce issues and coordinates between such groups as ITU (UN International Telecommunications Union), WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization), and UNCTAD (UN Council on Trade and Development.)
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WTO:Work Programme on Electronic Commerce This WTO group examines questions such as whether there should be customs duties on electronic transmissions (global internet taxes) and whether electronic products such as movies, books and music in digital format should be considered goods or services. (S. Wunsch-Vincent, “WTO, e- commerce and Information Technologies,” Markle Foundation, 2003:2)
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Trade NGO: GIIC (Global Information Infrastructure Commission) From their website: The GIIC is an independent, non-governmental initiative involving leaders from developing as well as industrialized countries. The GIIC's goals are: Strengthen the leadership role of the private sector in the development of a diverse, affordable and accessible information infrastructure; Promote involvement of developing countries in the building and utilization of truly global and open information infrastructure; Facilitate activities and identify policy options which foster effective applications of telecommunications, broadcasting and information technologies and services. Click on the GIIC link above. Who are the GIIC Commissioners and what interests do they represent?
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Trade ITA: 1997 Information Technology Agreement (GITR 2001-2002: 113-114) Sought to establish a uniform global IT market Sought to eliminate trade barriers by abolishing tariffs on IT products Recommended the establishment of an international body to oversee the IT economic sector Adopt “open systems”
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Read ITA: http://www.wto.org/ ITA covers: Computers and networking equipment Telecommunications equipment Semiconductors and manufacturing equipment Software Scientific instruments Does not include other consumer electronics or services. (GITR 2001-2002: 114).
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2011 for the course IT 304 taught by Professor Kendal during the Fall '09 term at George Mason.

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IT304.9 - IT in the Global Economy AIT Department George...

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