Unit I Study Guide Sum10

Unit I Study Guide Sum10 - BSC 2011 UNIT I STUDY GUIDE The...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
BSC 2011 UNIT I STUDY GUIDE The purpose of this study guide is to “encourage” you to review your notes and text material, and to integrate numerous facts and terms into broad but meaningful concepts. Please try and work on your own at first, but don’t hesitate to ask for assistance from either me or your TA. We will randomly select a question (or part thereof) to use on your Unit I exam. – Dr. Spears 1. (a) Compare and contrast the structure and function of (i) DNA, (ii) mRNA, and (iii) protein. (b) For eukaryotes, what is the function of (i) replication, and where does it occur, (ii) transcription, and where does it occur, and (iii) translation, and where does it occur? (c) What is the role of (i) ribosomes and (ii) tRNA? (d) (i) What is meant by the “genetic code”? (ii) distinguish between codons and anticodons. (e) (i) What is a mutation? (ii) what are the different types of genetic mutations? (iii) why are mutations important to cells/organisms? (f) What is a gene? (g) what is a chromosome? (g) What is chromatin? Distinguish between euchromatin and heterochromatin with respect to structure and function. (h) Define control elements and explain how they influence transcription. 2. (a) Define differential gene expression. At what level is gene expression generally controlled? What is meant by “gene regulation”? why is it important/necessary to cells/organisms? Explain the relationship between differentiation and differential gene expression. (b) What is the role of each of the following with respect to gene regulation (i.e., in what way does each affect gene regulation): (i) transcription factors, (ii) control elements, (iii) histone acetylation, (iv) DNA methylation, (v) miRNA, (vi) describe two additional
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

Unit I Study Guide Sum10 - BSC 2011 UNIT I STUDY GUIDE The...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online