Unformatted text preview: Re—Transcriptions from Relevant Linguistics p74-82 E3.8 (1)82) English Phonology Problems: [t]. [r], and [1'] in American English This data may be a little difﬁcult for you, partly because of what you already know about English phonology.
A helpful hint, though, is not to think took much about what you already know, and instead focus primarily on
the data before you. (Note that accents indicate stressed syllables.) [Splt] spit ['n?n] written ['mi?nz] mittens [stik] stick
['lu‘l] little ['pi?ns] pittance ['bwrl] battle [lit] lit
['go?n] gotten [Iq't] cmt ['freri] fatter ['fre?n] fatten
['plstl] pistol [gut] got ['kﬂn] curtain [bet] bat 1. Are there any minimal pairs in this data? If so, what are they, and what do they tell you? 2. Based on this data, describe the relationship between each pair of sounds. For each pair, decide a) if the
sounds are contrastive or non-contrastive, b) if the sounds are in complementary or overlapping distribution,
and c) if the sounds are allophones of the same phoneme or different phonemes. [t] and [r]
c. [t] and ['1']
b. C. [?] and [r]
c. 3. Write as many rules as necessary to describe whatever allophonic variation there is.
4. Based on this data, which of the following pronunciations is/are phonologically possible in American English?
[5071.1] ['smmn] ['sm] ['leI‘H] ['PIESH] [‘hu] ...
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- Spring '09