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comp final study guide

comp final study guide - Comparative Politics Final Review...

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Comparative Politics: Final Review 2010 1. What are the three main types of non-democratic rule identified by Juan Linz? a. Totalitarian Regimes b. Sultanic Regimes c. Authoritarian 2. Compare their main attributes and provide examples. a. Totalitarian is the most strict out of the 3. controlled communication, participation is required---SU and Nazi Germany 3. What are the main components of the totalitarian model? a. C Friedrich & Z Brzezinski i. Ideology ii. Party iii. Police/terror iv. Leader v. Domination of everything b. Linz i. Strong ideology ii. Monism (concentrated power) iii. Mass mobilization iv. Terror—possible not all cases. 4. To what extent is the use of terror related to the definition of totalitarianism? a. It is not always a part of totalitarian regimes. SU under Stalin had terror---after his death no terror. Cuba had no terror. 5. What are the functions of the mass party in totalitarian regimes? a. Recruits leaders b. Teaches the ideology to the rest of society c. Mobilizes the country d. Check on government employees for loyalty 6. Who was Karl Marx? a. German philoseoher in the 1800, who created the history of Materialism. Along with the Modes of production which is how human have evolved through production. 7. Describe the basic elements of the Marxist theory of history. a. With every new level a new class or group emerged with different economic standings.
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8. Why did Russia represent a challenge for the Marxist theory of revolution? a. Russia had a problem because it was not industrailized 9. Who was Lenin? What was his role in the history of the Soviet Union? a. A revolutionary in Russia who ended the Tsar rule—october revolution. He created the Soviet Union, Bolsheviks were his followers. Wanted a socialist economic system. 10. Who was Stalin? When did he rule the Soviet Union? a. In 1924 he gained control. He was head of state for Lenin before his death, after it he took over complete control. He led the SU through the 2 nd world war. 11. What was the Supreme Soviet? How powerful was this institution? a. This was created in the 1936 constitution. This was the parliament of the SU. Soviet of the Union had 800 members and the Soviet of the Nationalities had 750 members. They were both weak and met for a few days each year and approved bills unanimously. Single member districts—canidates were approved by the party. 12. What was the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet? a. Also apart of the 1936 committee. A smaller standing committee which operated the full year, around 32 members. 13. What was the Council of Ministers? a. This was a quasi cabinet in the executive branch. Very important to the running of the SU. Around 90 members 14. How was the Communist Party organized in the Soviet Union? a. In 5 levels
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