arc3 - Principles of Islamic Architecture Francesco...

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Principles of Islamic Architecture Francesco Cappellari, UF 2009 Just as the Early Christians sought to create and architectural form that expressed their religion, Islam went through a similar evolutionary process. Arab tribes conquered and or traded with other faraway lands bringing economic and cultural dominance . Islamic customs and language replaced what survived of Roman practices but, as others civilizations before them, they also absorbed the techniques and used forms from the civilizations they entered in contact with. The building type that becomes the living manifestation of this culture is certainly the Mosque. Originally the size of the Mosque was in direct relationship to the male population that on Fridays would assemble there for the communal prayer. Many were the churches that had been converted into Mosques by re-orienting the Qibla to the Ka’ba in Mecca. Many more were also built anew and, in spite of their cross-cultural manifestations and variegations, maintained their basic identity
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course ARC 1701 taught by Professor Cappellari during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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arc3 - Principles of Islamic Architecture Francesco...

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