arc8 - Frank Lloyd Wright Francesco Cappellari UF 2009...

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Frank Lloyd Wright Francesco Cappellari UF 2009 Frank Lloyd Wright worked for Louis Henri Sullivan for a few years and he had a great admiration for his Lieber Meister Louis Henri Sullivan (1856-1924) In 1901 he writes “Kindergarten Chats on Architecture” posthumously re-printed along with other writings in 1934. In this book Sullivan teaches a fictional student the principles of architecture and philosophy in which he strongly recommends architects to observe nature and to not undervalue “childlike” responses for investigating and creating a uniquely American, even utopian, architecture. In nature, form is the result of an intention that does not differentiate a part from another but rather, says Sullivan, each part is focused in constructing the whole. Thus, he suggests that form is generated by the function or use to which architecture must respond. Hence, he is reputed to be the father of functionalist architecture and also erroneously attributed the expression “Form Follows Function” He was an apprentice of Frank Furness in Philadelphia and of Le Baron Jenney in Chicago. After some time spent in Europe he returns to Chicago where he becomes a partner of Dankamar Adler in 1879. All the edifices that follow, except the last, where designed while he was in partnership with Adler. Auditorium Building , Chicago (1886.90) A unique multi-use building with office tower, hotel, stores, takes its name from the very large 4200- seat auditorium it contains. The exterior of the edifice resembles the Marshal Field Wholesale Store in Chicago by Henry H. Richardson began a year earlier than the Auditorium building and still under construction. Wainwright Building , St. Louis (1890) and Guaranty Building , Buffalo (1894) Both buildings have strong similarities. Sullivan here confronts the nature and formal expression of a tall building and resorts to use classical precedents to manifest his ideas. The Wainwright, more than the Guarantee Building, provides him an opportunity to put to writing, a few years later, the essay “The Tall Building Artistically Considered” (1986). Looking more specifically at the Wainwright, Sullivan uses current technological and structural means to erect the edifice which is supported by a steel frame in which the pieces (beams, columns and lateral bracing elements) are not welded together but riveted. Exteriorly, he expresses instead the following classical repertoire.
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Base : Ground floor, mezzanine and second floor are treated as a unit with a strong porosity aimed at engaging the passerby with the commercial activities provided within. Middle : Offices stacked between the base and the top. Fenestration (windows) are ample and repetitive. Floors are amply illuminated. This part of the façade is clad in red granite, brick and terracotta and everything conjures to give it a strong sense of verticality. Top
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arc8 - Frank Lloyd Wright Francesco Cappellari UF 2009...

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