arc10 - Principles of Romanesque Architecture Francesco...

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Principles of Romanesque Architecture Francesco Cappellari, UF 2009 The term Romanesque was first used in the XIX Century to identify the Western Christian architecture that inspired itself to Roman architecture. The process through which Romanesque architecture is formed is essentially tied to the transformation of the Christian Basilica. The light and discontinuous structure of timber trusses becomes now an organism covered with a vaulting system that would provide material and structural continuity to the whole edifice. Basic Principles The Romanesque static system is based on the concept of entrusting the stability of the nave to the structural framework of the aisles which receive and discharge the forces generated in the nave transporting by virtue of the structural continuity between the elements of the nave and the ones of the aisles. Great importance is then attributed to the buttresses, architectural element external to the perimeter wall that has the duty to neutralize the lateral thrust. The plan of a Romanesque church has a precise programmatic intention of
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course ARC 1701 taught by Professor Cappellari during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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arc10 - Principles of Romanesque Architecture Francesco...

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