arc13 - High Renaissance and Mannerism Francesco Cappellari...

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High Renaissance and Mannerism Francesco Cappellari UF 2009 While Early Renaissance architects continue to see the edifices of the ancients as models to emulate, soon after the first two decades of the XVI Century, many architects begin to express more personal views by imaginatively and creatively manipulating the Classical language. This individual maniera or manner will become the root of the name that identifies this period of transition between the Classical and the Baroque period that is, Mannerism. The architects of this period used the classical, stretching its limits and causing deep rips to architecture that became the basis for the subsequent Baroque period when the im mutable became mutable, dis harmony was preferred to harmony, discord to con cord, im balance to balance, tension to dis tension. Donato Bramante (1444-1514) Most of his major and mature works were realized in Rome after he moved there at age 55. He was greatly affected by Roman monuments as demonstrated in the first of the works he completed in Papal Rome: the Martyrium of St. Peter a.k.a. the “Tempietto” (little temple). Tempietto , Rome (1502) The Tempietto was built in a location that at the time was erroneously thought to be the place where St. Peters was crucified. The small edifice was commissioned by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabelle of Spain, the same royalties that sponsored Columbus in his quest to circumnavigate the world. While the Tempietto was built in accordance to Bramante’s plan, the cylindrical colunnated cloister designed to provide the martyrium its rightful setting at the center of the composition, was never completed as planned. In Milan, Bramante and Leonardo da Vinci were for a time associates. It was at that time that Leonardo was involved in the study of centrally planned churches as many of his sketches prove. Many Early Christian martyria and later Byzantine churches were designed as centralized spaces. Bramante,
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however, uses the current knowledge made available to him by the many published treatises as well as his on acquired knowledge of the Roman structures available in Rome and produces simple and articulated platonic solids. Basic characteristics Size: Form: Plan: Quite small, only 18 feet in diameter. Simple Platonic form Circular, in deference to the Early Christian martyria. Two- storey cylinder (crypt below) with a dome surmounting it Sits on a plinth a few steps above ground The ambulatory space that would typically be inside is here externalized (example: Santa Costanza, Rome that has the internal ambulatory space and also an external arcade or portico) Accessible from all four cardinal
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course ARC 1701 taught by Professor Cappellari during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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arc13 - High Renaissance and Mannerism Francesco Cappellari...

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