arc14 - Industrial Revolution Francesco Cappellari UF 2009...

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Industrial Revolution Francesco Cappellari UF 2009 Machines were built that would produce more and more efficiently. Men would finally be: 1. Replaced, as the machine was do the work of many men and that could also be used 24/7. 2. Displaced, as the industrial age required men to work in factories. These industries would first be located next to rivers. Later, the invention of the steam engine, made it possible for industries to be located even in the midst of metropolitan areas with the consequent deterioration of city life due to pollution, smell, and noise. The latter issue was also caused by the crowds of workers that were to meet the round the clock schedule - up to three shift s- the industries required to amortize, maintain and replace their machines. The many inventions of the period and the consequent replacement and displacement of people would cause: 1. an increase in population 2. a rise in the working class 3. a redistribution of wealth Scientific advances made it possible to understand the nature, strength and use of novel building materials and new methods were adopted for making building materials. New professional figures are trained in newly developed polytechnic institutes. Civil engineers are now trained there and later employed to solve the myriads of problems demanded by a complex modern society. Entrusted to their skills were mostly the designs and building of utilitarian constructions and of novel typologies such as bridges, factories, warehouses and train stations. The new bourgeoisie was not ready to accept the aesthetic and technological changes effected by these new materials for their residences and civic edifices and the architect continues to design in accordance to predetermined aesthetic concerns even though he may manifest an interest in new materials and methods of construction that eventually find their way inside the edifice first and much later also affect the outside as well. Iron Age
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The material that best represents the industrial revolution is iron or, rather, cast-iron. This metal would become increasingly more available as more modern machinery would be used to extract ever larger quantities of iron-ore from which the smelting process would eventually produce wrought-iron and, later on, steel. Properties of cast-iron Good compressive strength but weak tensile
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course ARC 1701 taught by Professor Cappellari during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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arc14 - Industrial Revolution Francesco Cappellari UF 2009...

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