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arc15 - Le Corbusier Francesco Cappellari UF 2009 Charles...

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Le Corbusier Francesco Cappellari UF 2009 Charles Edoard Janneret aka Le Corbusier - left the Swiss town of his birth, La Chaux de Fonds, to become an apprentice in the studio of August Perret in Paris where he derived significant benefits in terms of his future theoretical and professional career. August Perret . Rue Franklin 25 bis , Paris (1902) Although this is not one of his most famous works, it is a good example that illustrates how the ideas and methods of Perret may be at the root of the great achievements of Le Corbusier. Although the layout of this edifice redefines the typical apartment houses in Paris by introducing a “U”shape inner court that allows more wall surface and thus more daylight to reach the interior spaces what interests us here is the relationship between the structural system and the façade. In fact, the reinforced concrete frame (floor slabs and concrete columns) supports the building and the exterior walls are no longer load bearing and thus allow a certain freedom in the placement of window openings. The young Le Corbusier, became quite knowledgeable of the application of reinforced concrete but, especially, he learned that the structure and the enclosure could be independent from one another. Grand Tour As many of his predecessors, Le Corbusier went on the Grand Tour that took him to Turkey, Greece, and Italy where he produced innumerable sketches. He did not simply use sketching to depict a building or landscape in a picturesque manner. He sketched instead to derive conclusions from what he saw that could help him later in his professional career. He became especially interested in the pure and simple shapes of primary platonic solids that most Roman edifices seemed to use. The Dom-ino system (1914) The name refers to “domus”, house and domino, the game in which the rules determine the organization. Anticipating the needs for housing at the end of the Great War, Le
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Corbusier designs a housing scheme that responds to such needs by meeting time and economic concerns by relying on mass-produced components. The structure of this system is totally independent from the enclosure just like in the 15 years older Perret’s Apartment House. The exterior wall is free of the structure and, consequently,
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