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arc24 - Architecture of China Daoism and Confucianism...

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Architecture of China Daoism and Confucianism
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Daoism and Confucianism Laozi or Lao Tzu (c. 550 BCE) A dao is a way or path The Dao  cannot be named but can be gestured to. The Dao is like water, flexible and yielding but can weather the hardest substance. Seeks the lowest ground. Seek a quiet, humble, hidden life. Return to the state of nature. Move in sympathy with nature. Strive for non-striving. Confucius (551-479 BCE) Central concept: ren or whole- heartedness as practiced by the junzi or gentleman. Standards: morality & empathy Moderation, integrity, self- control, loyalty, reciprocity, JUSTICE. Ritual, ceremony, protocol. Harmony in society by Order and Hierarchy, Deference and Duty.
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Xu Daoning. Detail of Fishing in a Mountain Stream.. Mid 11 th Century
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Nanchan Temple, Wutaishan, Shanxi, China 782 CE
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Nanchan (Buddhist) Temple timber-framed construction with tile roof on plinth, bay system of construction (4 posts and lintels) cubic unit or module called jian (10’x15’) curved roof bracketed with deep eaves
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City Wall, Chang’an (Xian), China 6 th century
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