yd6 - AfricanAmericans AfricanAmericans Sources: Sources:

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African Americans African Americans
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Sources: Sources: Marger 2009, pp. 28-38
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Black-White Relations Black-White Relations Experience of African Americans  Unique among American ethnic  minorities Why? entered American society as involuntary immigrants subsequently victimized by 200 years of slavery Throughout most of its history, American racial-ethnic system was  essentially a binary structure in which persons were classified as  either black or white Three Historical Eras Slavery Jim Crow Modern
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Slavery Slavery Blacks first entered American society when they landed  in Virginia in 1619. Status: undetermined for at least 40 years Until 1660s Status: not essentially different from many others including  whites  Most common form: voluntary servitude or indenture Indentured servants were those people who were bound by  contract to serve a master for a certain length of time,  usually 4-7 years; in exchange, the servant’s passage to the  colonies was paid By 1660s Status: chattel slaves no specific date marks though Yet slave codes and statutes evolved piecemeal such that  by 1660s most southern states had enacted laws defining  blacks as slaves, rather than as indentured servants
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Slavery Slavery Why then ,in the end, only blacks chosen for  indeterminate bondage? Religion Cultural traits Skin color Differential power But what of Indians? Unused to settled agriculture Familiarity with the place Greater resistance to enslavement
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American form of slavery American form of slavery
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yd6 - AfricanAmericans AfricanAmericans Sources: Sources:

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