SYG - Politics&TheGovernment Chapter 14 Week 10...

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Chapter 14 Week 10 Politics & The Government
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Political Systems The Political System of the US Political Change Everyday Politics
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Politics: Government: The organization & administration of the actions of the Power: The ability to extract compliance despite resistance or the ability to get others to do what you want them to do, regardless of their own desires No society has been built around pure coercion Inefficient → use of resources & supplement with persuasion & indoctrination Authority : Power that is perceived as legitimate, by both the holder of power Most common means of exercising power 1. Traditional 2. Charismatic
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1. Traditional authority : Form of authority that people obey because they believed, their society had always done things that way; derives from who the leaders are; descendents of kings & queens/gods etc., not from their educational background, work experience or personality traits Exists today through various social institutions 1. Charismatic authority: Authority derived from the personal appeal of a specific leader People follow even though the leaders have no traditional claims to authority Often religious prophets Charisma → morally neutral Leaders can change societies; traditional → personal Unstable because it isn’t set in traditions/laws Departure of leader → small group of followers will create a set of rules to enable an individual to continue leading under the
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1. Legal-Rational authority: Form of authority where leaders are to be obeyed because they are voicing a set of rationally derived laws. They must act impartially, even sacrificing their own opinions & attitudes in obedience to the laws of the land. Begins → rationalization of authority after departure of charismatic leader Most common form of authority Weber: Obey authority because we perceive it to be legitimate Foucault: We obey because we cannot conceive of anything else Power/Knowledge: The 2 terms are interrelated. It does NOT force us to do things, but it shapes & limits our thoughts & desires until they correspond to the dominant ideologies of society Authorities limit our power/knowledge:
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Political Systems:  Authoritarian Systems Authoritarian political systems : When power is vested in a single person or small group (through heredity/force/fear) Monarchy: One of the 1 st political systems; rule by a single individual Mono → “one”; archy
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SYG - Politics&TheGovernment Chapter 14 Week 10...

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