yg5 - SYG 2000 WEEK 8 CHAPTER 9 Sex & Gender Sex &...

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Unformatted text preview: SYG 2000 WEEK 8 CHAPTER 9 Sex & Gender Sex & Gender Sex and Gender: Nature & Nurture The Biology of Sex and Gender Exploring Cross-Cultural Variations of Sex and Gender Becoming Gendered: Learning Gender Identity Gender Inequality on a Global and Local Scale Gender Inequality in the United States The Politics of Gender Gender Inequality in the 21 st Century Sex & Gender: Nature and Nurture Gender vs. Sex Gender : the meaning that societies give to the fact of biological difference Sex : male/female  Not just a dichotomy Gender varies in 4 different ways: 1. Gender varies from culture to culture 2. Definitions of gender vary over time 3. Definitions of gender within a society 4. Gender varies over the life course Sex & Gender: Nature and Nurture Social & behavioral sciences contribute to our understanding of gender Anthropologists – cross-cultural differences Historians – differences over time Developmental psychologists – explore the variance of femininities & masculinities over one’s course of life Sociologists – the ways in which our different experiences affect our definitions of gender Gender identities : our understanding of ourselves as male or female, what we think it means to be male or female Definitions of identity become dominant than turn into the standard against which everyone comes to be measured & to measure themselves Intersectionality : denotes the study of the “intersections” of gender, race, class, age, ethnic, and sexual dimensions of inequality. Each of these forms of inequality shapes and modifies the others. Sex & Gender: Nature and Nurture Gender inequality : gender inequality has two dimensions: (1) the domination of men over women and (2) the domination of some men over other men and some women over other women Patriarchy : literally “the rule of the fathers”; a name given to the social order in which men hold power over women Most societies grant more power & resources to some men & some women Erving Goffman’s description of masculinity (1963): In an important sense, there is only one complete unblushing male in America: a young, married, white, urban, northern, heterosexual, Protestant, father, of college education, fully employed, of good complexion, weight and height, and a recent record in sports […] Any male who fails to qualify in any one of these ways is likely to view himself – during moments at least – as unworthy, incomplete, and inferior The Biology of Sex & Gender Differences between men & women are often...
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course SYG 2000 taught by Professor Joos during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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yg5 - SYG 2000 WEEK 8 CHAPTER 9 Sex & Gender Sex &...

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