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yg6 - Stratification&SocialClass SYG 2000 Week 7 Chapter 7...

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SYG 2000 Week 7 Chapter 7 Stratification & Social Class
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Stratification & Social Class What is social stratification Social class Poverty in the US & abroad Social mobility Global inequality
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What is social stratification? Social stratification : the ranking of people into defined layers; exists in all societies & is based on things like wealth, race & gender All societies place its people under rankings, criteria differs among societies & throughout time Social position is passed on at birth & can change throughout one’s lifetime Why do we have social stratification? Durkheim -> organization & interdependence Marx -> stratification benefits those at the top Mid 20 th century -> followers of Durkheim Meritocracy : social system in which the greater the functional importance of the job, the more rewards it brings, in salary, perks, power & prestige The harder you work, the more rewards you’ll receive Today
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What is social stratification? Systems of stratification -> most common 1. Castes : societal classifications, usually in traditional agricultural societies, divided by occupation Caste system : a fixed & permanent, stratification system to which you are assigned to at birth 1. Feudalism : a fixed & permanent system Medieval Europe (11 th -16 th centuries) -> most of the population were peasants & serfs who worked for a small group of feudal lords; lords had complete control over serfs/peasants 1. Class : a group of people sharing the same social position in society; based on income, power & prestige Social mobility : movement from one class to another Class systems permit the greatest amount of social mobility Class system : system of stratification in which people are ranked according to their economic position
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Social class: Theories of social class Marx (1818-1883) 1 st social scientist to focus on class as the foundation of his theory Mode of production : organization of society to produce what people need to survive Few people own the means of production & everyone else works for them Bourgeoisie : upper-class capitalists who owned the means of production Proletariat : lower-classes who were forced to become wage- laborers or go hungry Inherently unfair, causing an eventual proletarian uprising to create a socialist economy Weber (1846-1920) 3 components to social class: 1. Class position: based on your relationship to production (what you do & $$) 2. Status : one’s socially defined position in a group; often characterized by certain expectations & rights o Higher class -> higher status… not all the time
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Social class: Socioeconomic classes in the US Socioeconomic status (SES): one’s social connections, taste, ascribed & achieved statuses etc. Often used by sociologists to instead of social class, to emphasize that people are ranked through the intermingling of many factors –> economic, political, social, cultural & community The Upper Upper Class ($1mil+) “Superrich”
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