yg6 - SYG 2000 Week 7 Chapter 7 Stratification...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: SYG 2000 Week 7 Chapter 7 Stratification & Social Class Stratification & Social Class What is social stratification Social class Poverty in the US & abroad Social mobility Global inequality What is social stratification? Social stratification : the ranking of people into defined layers; exists in all societies & is based on things like wealth, race & gender All societies place its people under rankings, criteria differs among societies & throughout time Social position is passed on at birth & can change throughout ones lifetime Why do we have social stratification? Durkheim -> organization & interdependence Marx -> stratification benefits those at the top Mid 20 th century -> followers of Durkheim Meritocracy : social system in which the greater the functional importance of the job, the more rewards it brings, in salary, perks, power & prestige The harder you work, the more rewards youll receive What is social stratification? Systems of stratification -> most common 1. Castes : societal classifications, usually in traditional agricultural societies, divided by occupation Caste system : a fixed & permanent, stratification system to which you are assigned to at birth 1. Feudalism : a fixed & permanent system Medieval Europe (11 th-16 th centuries) -> most of the population were peasants & serfs who worked for a small group of feudal lords; lords had complete control over serfs/peasants 1. Class : a group of people sharing the same social position in society; based on income, power & prestige Social mobility : movement from one class to another Class systems permit the greatest amount of social mobility Class system : system of stratification in which people are ranked according to their economic position Social class: Theories of social class Marx (1818-1883) 1 st social scientist to focus on class as the foundation of his theory Mode of production : organization of society to produce what people need to survive Few people own the means of production & everyone else works for them Bourgeoisie : upper-class capitalists who owned the means of production Proletariat : lower-classes who were forced to become wage- laborers or go hungry Inherently unfair, causing an eventual proletarian uprising to create a sot economy Weber (1846-1920) 3 components to social class: 1. Class position: based on your relationship to production (what you do & $$) 2. Status : ones socially defined position in a group; often characterized by certain expectations & rights Social class: Socioeconomic classes in the US Socioeconomic status (SES): ones social connections, taste, ascribed & achieved statuses etc. Often used by sociologists to instead of social class, to emphasize that people are ranked through the intermingling of many factors > economic, political, social, cultural & community The Upper Upper Class ($1mil+)...
View Full Document

Page1 / 28

yg6 - SYG 2000 Week 7 Chapter 7 Stratification...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online