yg7 - Stratification&SocialClass SYG 2000 Week 7...

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SYG 2000 Week 7 Chapter 7 Stratification & Social Class
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What is social stratification Social class Poverty in the US Social mobility Global inequality
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What is social stratification? Social stratification : the ranking of people into defined layers; exists in all societies & is based on things like wealth, race & gender Why do we have social stratification? Meritocracy : social system in which the greater the functional importance of the job, the more rewards it brings, in salary, Systems of stratification? 1. Castes : societal classifications, usually in traditional agricultural societies, divided by occupation Caste system : a fixed & permanent, stratification system to which you are assigned to at birth 1. Feudalism 1. Class : a group of people sharing the same social position in Social mobility : movement from one class to another
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Theories of social class Marx (1818-1883) Bourgeoisie : upper-class capitalists who owned the means of production Proletariat : lower-classes who were forced to become wage-laborers or go hungry Weber Class position Status : one’s socially defined position in a group; Power
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yg7 - Stratification&SocialClass SYG 2000 Week 7...

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