yg27 - Religion&Science Week15 Religion&Science...

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Week 15
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Classical Theories of Religion Religious Groups Religions of the World Religion in the US Science as an Institution
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that are organized into social institutions Claims to truth Governs our conduct Professionals
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Religion A set of beliefs about the  origins and meanings of life,  usually based on the  existence of supernatural  power Acquires ideas through  revelations Changes over time Science The accumulated  systematic knowledge of  the physical/material world,  obtained through  observation Acquires knowledge  through  empirical  verification Physical Changes over time
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Classical Theories of Religion Cultural Universal something that exists in every  culture Origins of society Rituals a solemn reenactment of a sacred event Complex societies? Civil religion:   when secular societies create the  intense emotional bonds among people that used to  be accomplished by religion through the performance  of secular rituals
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Classical Theories of Religion Form of control Answers questions -> ways to organize life ->  obey certain rules Prevented social change by keeping people  from revolting “Blinder to the reality of exploitation” Provided justification for inequality, “opiate of  the masses” Ex: “Great Chain of Being”
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Classical Theories of Religion Catalyst for change Capitalism in Western Europe vs. other nations Impact of religious ideas on economic activity Protestant Reformation Got rid of the “middle man” Insecurities -> work ethic Iron cage Religiosity the extent of one’s religious belief,  typically measured by attendance at religious  observances or maintaining religious practices
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yg27 - Religion&Science Week15 Religion&Science...

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