yg32 - RACE ETHNICITY Week 12 Defining Race 1 Biological...

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RACE & ETHNICITY Week 12
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Defining Race 1. Biological category 1. Social construction 1. Ethnic group 1. Social class/prestige or rank 1. Racial formation of society’s institutions 1. Self-definition
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What is race? Taught to place people in racial categories according to their physical characteristics “Scientific” Outdated but partially true The human variability between what are regarded in society as “racial groups” occurs mostly within racial groups rather than between them Race as a social construction People learn, through socialization and interaction processes, to attribute certain characteristics to people into a racial category Racial stereotypes Also a social construction Based on partial truths but are then applied to all members of a race Persists over time Usually negative Essentialization: Negative stereotypical traits that are thought to be inherent to the character of that person Biological Category Social Construction
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What is race? Racial groups are ethnic groups A Share similar cultures, having shared identities A There can be different ethnic groups within a racial group Racialization s When groups, particularly ethnic groups, are perceived as a racial group A Hitler racializing Jews Led to negative stereotyping of Jews Justification for the genocide of Jews Race as a social class/prestige The ‘whiter’ the skin, the more prestige that person is thought to have Darker skin as an indication of a lower social standing Racial Formation : The social and historical processes by which groups come to be defined in racial terms and it specifically locates those processes in state-based institutions, such as the law Self-Defined What a person considers herself or himself to be “Passing” Although it is self-designated, Race as an Ethnic Group Social Class, Racial Formation & Self-Definition
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What is an ethnic group? Groups set apart from others because of distinctive cultural patterns and a shared identity Components of ethnicity (Milton Gordon) A National origin A Religion A Race A Nationality EVERYONE is a member of an ethnic group
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The Importance of Ethnicity to Individuals Exceptions Resurgence of ethnicity for Whites Symbolic ethnicity : The ability bring out or display ethnic characteristics at any time, with no risks of stigma and all the pleasures of feeling connected to an ethnicity Perceptions of one’s ethnic identity Ethnicity less important Recent Immigrant Long-Time Resident Ethnicity more important
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Breakdown of Participants by Race/Ethnicity & Gender
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1. I can if I wish arrange to be in the company of people of my race most of the time.
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