Communication Ethics-Mid Term

Communication Ethics-Mid Term - Communications Ethics:...

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Unformatted text preview: Communications Ethics: First Test- elg26@pitt.edu First Powerpoint Ethics-science of morals, general and systematic study of the grounds and principles for right and wrong human behavior Communication ethics- determine right and wrong as it pertains to communications both interpersonal and mediated Communication ethics deals with: o Human communication o Ethical theory o Information technology Ethics deals with: o Voluntary choices o Examines the basis for right and wrong decisions o Society changes, we need to keep coming up with workable ethic theories that will help us make choices as individuals but also help us reason together Why study ethics? o Cannot just do what you want o With new technology comes new problems o common wisdom not always adequate o Ethics is a way to decide what is best Information Age o Characterized by unprecedented access to information o Catalysts Low cost computers High speed communication networks Second Powerpoint Traditional Ethical Approaches o Kantianism o Act Utilitarianism o Rule Utilitarianism o Relativism Subjective Cultural Kantianism o Good will: desire to do the right thing o Immanuel Kant Only thing in the world good without qualification is a good will Reason should cultivate desire to do the right thing Categorical Imperative: First Formulation o Act only from moral rules that you can at the same time will to be universal moral laws Illustration of First Formulation o Can a person in dire straits make a promise with the intention of breaking it later? o Proposed rule I may make promises with the intention of later breaking them the person in trouble wants his promise to be believed so he can get what he needs o Universal rule Everyone may make and break promises Everyone breaking promises would make promises unbelievable, contradicting desire to have promise believed o Rule is flawed, answer is no Categorical Imperative: Second Formulation o Act so that you treat both yourself and other people as ends in themselves and never only as a means to an end Kantian Evolution: Second Formulation o Carla plagiarized a report because she did not have enough time to do it herself and wants credit for it o Rule You may claim credits for work performed by someone else If this is universalized then reports would no longer be credible indicators of students knowledge and professors would not give credit for reports o Wrong for Carla to plagiarize Carla attempted to deceive her professor therefore treating him as a means to get a good grade which is wrong Case for Kantianism o Rational o Produces universal moral guidelines o Treats all persons as moral equals o Workable ethical theory Against Kantianism o Not always a rule to characterize action o Rules can be debated o Cannot always resolve conflict between rules o Allows no exceptions to moral laws Utilitarianism o Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill o Action is good if it benefits someone and bad if harmful o Utility...
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course HIST 1000 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at Pittsburgh.

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Communication Ethics-Mid Term - Communications Ethics:...

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