Freedom of Speech Notes 1

Freedom of Speech Notes 1 - Class Notes- Freedom of Speech...

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Class Notes- Freedom of Speech Chapters 1-4 Chapter 1: History of Freedom of Speech 1 st Amendment (1791) o Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. 14 th Amendment (1868) o No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law. First democracy was Athens in Ancient Greece o Rome came next then England followed Magna Carta 1215 o Granted some liberties to some people- adult males o No freedom of speech o Laws against slander and blasphemy Slander-speaking against a person Blasphemy-speaking against the church Sedition-speaking against the government 1689 English Bill of Rights o Parliament granted the right to free speech but only while in session during a debate Only Monarchs and the clergy could speak their minds July 4, 1776 o American independence o Declaration of Independence 1789 Constitution is ratified after its start in 1787 o To gain unanimous ratification it needed a Bill of Rights which was ratified in 1791
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Privy Council o Late 18 th early 19 th centuries o Prosecuted blasphemy, sedition and slander o Set up and chosen by a monarch o You were “tried” in the Star Chamber Mainly tortured or coerced to confess to crime whether you did it or not Truth was NO defense Charles Fox 1792 o Fox’s Libel Act Truth IS a defense 1860 all of England had similar free speech laws as America 1450 Guttenberg’s Printing Press o Allowed books to be printed and speech harder to monitor Three tier court system on state and federal level o Trial- guilty or not guilty o Appeal- should they have tried the person, did they really commit a crime
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course HIST 1000 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at Pittsburgh.

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Freedom of Speech Notes 1 - Class Notes- Freedom of Speech...

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