Mass Comm Final

Mass Comm Final - Mass Comm Final From Lumiere to Lee Mass...

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Mass Comm. Final From Lumiere to Lee: Mass Communication Theory Goes to the Movies Pre History of Movies Persistence of vision o Peter Mark Roget 1824 o Edweard Muybridge Zoopraxiscope 1879 First movie projector Celluloid- what film is made of o 1870s o Hannibal Goodwin 1889-pattended method to make celluloid o George Eastman 1890s- stole idea of Goodwin Lighting Precision machinery (sprockets) Film is product of Industrial Revolution Vaudeville Popular literature Spiritualism Kinetoscope 1880s Edison one inventor Private viewer Two Trends in Early Cinema Lumiere Brothers
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o Realism Documentation o Auguste and Louis o Actuality films o 1890s George Melies o Fantasy George Melies A Trip to the Moon 1902 o Science fiction Turn of the Century US Film Nickelodeon o $.05 movie theater o Urbanization o Immigration o Mass entertainment James Corbett vs. Bob Fitzsimmons 1897 Boxing match shown in Nickelodeon Edwin S. Porter The Great Train Robbery 1903 o Montage Images choreographed to song Simultaneous Hollywood Studio System 1910s-1940s
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Vertical integration o Owns all phases of business Production Distribution Exhibition Genres, stars and authors o Sell movies through these Feature length film o 1910s o Birth of a Nation 1915 D.W. Griffith Montage Continuity editing Concentration Movie palaces o Upscale theaters The Talkies o Movies in which characters talked o Synchronous sound with image o Vitaphone Sound on disk o Sound on film o The Jazz Singer 1927 Known as first synchronous sound film House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)
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o Expel non-American activity Communism o Hollywood Ten 1947 Accused of being communists Could be accused in many ways o Blacklisted Can’t work Paramount Decision 1948 o Ends vertical integration o Studios had to sell theaters From Movie Palace to Multiplex and DVD: Changing Screens and Changing Identities Film Propaganda Triumph of the Will 1935 o German film o Hitler is hero o Leni Reifenstahl o 1934 Nuremberg Nazi Congress Why We Fight o Office of War Information o WWII o Frank Capra o Prelude to War 1942 Contemporary Issues The gaze
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o Laura Mulvey o Motion pictures shot from male perspective o “Visual pleasure and narrative cinema”- 1975 o “Women as image, man as bearer of the look.” o Phallocentrism We’re encouraged to think of women as objects o “Destruction of pleasure as a radical weapon” Multiplex o 1970s o Urban flight o The rise of the shopping mall Blockbuster o 1970s o Jaws 1975 First Blockbuster o Star Wars 1977 o First movies to gross over $100 million at US box office in first year The global market o 1980s Action films Simple stories Independent o Sundance Film Festival Park City, Utah 1978
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o Miramax o Independent studios now owned by big companies Going digital
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Mass Comm Final - Mass Comm Final From Lumiere to Lee Mass...

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