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THE2000 Exam 3 Study Guide

THE2000 Exam 3 Study Guide - Study Guide Exam 3 I Immigrant...

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Study Guide Exam 3 I. Immigrant Theatre A. CHINESE: 1. Reason for Immigration i. “Gold Rush”(1877)-pivotal moment caused explosion of people ii. When Gold Rush ended competition for jobs iii. Many Chinese laborers came to US(12,000-22,000) iv. 15% of Chinese working labor v. Irish immigrants convinced whites they weren’t immigrants-“whiteness theory” vi. Seat reserved for Americans; cultural outing; see how other half lives 2. Anti-Chinese Sentiment:“The Chinese Must Go”( 1879) i. anti-Chinese sentiment; 2 characters; offensive ii. Ah Coy and San Gin(one smoking opium); stereotypical Chinese iii. Talking about whites vs. Chinese; very insulting 3. Bowery Theater became Yiddish Theater then became Chinese Opera 4. Chinese Opera : Features… i. Begin with professionals(opera): odd cultural experience ii. Chinese Opera-mix of song, dance, acrobats, storytelling, and martial arts iii. Theaters closed down because of Chinese gangs; gunfire during shows iv. Opera about “home” in China, but performed in US v. Usually from famous novels or poetry vi. Women allowed (unlike traditional Japanese) 5. Major Centers in U.S. i. Began in San Fran and NYC in Chinatown B. YIDDISH 1. The Language: i. Spoken by central/eastern European Jews ii. Used Hebrew alphabet: includes elements of German, Italian, and French; yasher koyekh teater 2. Origins: No Theater in Jewish communities i. Jewish theatre-forbidden for centuries ii. Deuteronomy 22:5 -"A man shall not put on a woman's garments” 3. Festival of Purim(Purim plays): The Exception i. How theater snuck into Jewish communities ii. Bible stories (Esther saving the Jewish people) iii. simple and often bawdy 4. Reasons for Move to the U.S. i. Pogroms in Czarist Russia ii. Theaters closed in Russia caused Jews to move to NYC iii. Government closes Yiddish theatres iv. Actors move to New York City v. 11 Yiddish theatres in New York alone 5. Features
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i. Plays interspersed with popular songs, opera tunes and synagogue chants ii. Grand and flamboyant iii. Celebrated Jewish identity/heroes iv. Gave sense of empowerment (Jewish heroes) v. Declined by 1930s (assimilation-lang. barrier) C. ITALIAN 1. Origins: i. Started as Theatrical Clubs in Little Italy ii. Played in halls and on saint's days, church basements 2. Features: i. Recalled loved ones left behind-invoked homeland ("mama songs") ii. Used New York City as a backdrop iii. Helped orient the "greenhorn" to the city-many topical references ; Shakespeare adapted iv. Became more polished with arrival of professional actors v. Long and varied evenings vi. Offered melodrama, comedies, farces, commedia skits, opera, song and dance vii. Local dramas set in Little Italy viii. Declined with assimilation II. Latino Theatre A. Terminology 1. Chicano: theater of Mexican-American; vast 2. Hispanic: person with cultural history related to Spain 3. Latino: person of Latin-American or Spanish speaking decent (Brazil can’t be Hispano and Latino) B. Mayan and Aztec Theatrical Rituals: Mexicans had highly stylized rituals; imitations on large scale 1. Aztecs (flower wars): had staged wars(dance battles) i.
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