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SPED Quiz 1 Review 1. Person first language ●Using language and descriptions puts the person before the disability or category ●Introduced in 1992 ●By putting the person first, it shows respect for and emphasis on the person, not defining them by their disability ○Our attitude, action, and language have power to show respect for person ●Ex. ○The autistic boy→ the boy with autism ○The dyslexic kid → the child with dyslexia 2. Historical timeline ●Late 18th Century ○Systematic procedures for teaching individuals with sensory impairment ○Itard and Seguin ●Late 19th Century ○First systematic attempts to educate ID and EBD ●20th Century ○Normalization ○Deinstitutionalization ●Present ○Inclusion ○Integration ●1829- First residential school for the Blind ○Samuel Gridley Howe ●1922- CEC (Council of Exceptional Children) ○Primary professional organization ●1950- Advocacy groups- multiple groups working for Special Education ○Special Olympics (Shriver- pioneer in developing this) ●Timeline in the Reauthorization of EAHCA ○1983- amended ■Parent information centers funded ■Birth to age 3 ■Transition services ○1986- amended ■FAPE (Free Appropriate Public Education)- main purpose for students ages 3-5 Child Find for infants and toddlers ■IFSP (early intervention IEP) ○1990- amended ■Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) ages 3-21 ○1997- IDEA
■Mandated participation in state and district assessments] ○2004- amended ■Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) 3. What does FAPE mean? Know the recent court case of Endrew and the implications for FAPE. and the Rowley case ●FAPE=Free appropriate public education: all students with a disability receiving special education and related services at no cost ●Endrew F. vs Douglas County School District, 2017 ○US Supreme court ruled that an education program must provide “more than de minimus” ○An IEP must enable the child to make progress; function of IEP is to set out plan for pursuing academic and functional advancement ○IEP must be personalized for student and not a blanket statement ●Rowley vs Board of Education, 1982 ○Deaf girl with IEP- parents wanted her to have an interpreter, but the school and she believed she didn’t need one because she was performing well in class ○Parents fought that she was not reaching her full potential, denied FAPE ○Supreme court ruled child was not denied FAPE because it does not have to make child reach “maximum potential” and no way to determine the child’s maximum potential 4. IDEA vs ADA ■IDEA= Individual with Disabilities Education Act: federal law that supports special education and related service programming for children and youth with disabilities ○EAHCA became IDEA in 1990 ●13 disability categories ●Major principles ○FAPE ○Due process: right to information and informed consent ○Parent participation ○LRE (least restrictive environment) ○IEP (individualized education plan) ○Non-discriminatory evaluation ■ADA= Americans with Disabilities Act: no discrimination to people based on their