SPED Quiz 1 Review-2.pdf - SPED Quiz 1 Review 1 Person first language \u25cf Using language and descriptions puts the person before the disability or

SPED Quiz 1 Review-2.pdf - SPED Quiz 1 Review 1 Person...

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SPED Quiz 1 Review 1. Person first language Using language and descriptions puts the person before the disability or category Introduced in 1992 By putting the person first, it shows respect for and emphasis on the person, not defining them by their disability Our attitude, action, and language have power to show respect for person Ex. The autistic boy→ the boy with autism The dyslexic kid → the child with dyslexia 2. Historical timeline Late 18th Century Systematic procedures for teaching individuals with sensory impairment Itard and Seguin Late 19th Century First systematic attempts to educate ID and EBD 20th Century Normalization Deinstitutionalization Present Inclusion Integration 1829- First residential school for the Blind Samuel Gridley Howe 1922- CEC (Council of Exceptional Children) Primary professional organization 1950- Advocacy groups- multiple groups working for Special Education Special Olympics (Shriver- pioneer in developing this) Timeline in the Reauthorization of EAHCA 1983- amended Parent information centers funded Birth to age 3 Transition services 1986- amended FAPE (Free Appropriate Public Education)- main purpose for students ages 3-5 Child Find for infants and toddlers IFSP (early intervention IEP) 1990- amended Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) ages 3-21 1997- IDEA
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Mandated participation in state and district assessments] 2004- amended Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) 3. What does FAPE mean? Know the recent court case of Endrew and the implications for FAPE. and the Rowley case FAPE=Free appropriate public education: all students with a disability receiving special education and related services at no cost Endrew F. vs Douglas County School District, 2017 US Supreme court ruled that an education program must provide “more than de minimus” An IEP must enable the child to make progress; function of IEP is to set out plan for pursuing academic and functional advancement IEP must be personalized for student and not a blanket statement Rowley vs Board of Education, 1982 Deaf girl with IEP- parents wanted her to have an interpreter, but the school and she believed she didn’t need one because she was performing well in class Parents fought that she was not reaching her full potential, denied FAPE Supreme court ruled child was not denied FAPE because it does not have to make child reach “maximum potential” and no way to determine the child’s maximum potential 4. IDEA vs ADA IDEA= Individual with Disabilities Education Act: federal law that supports special education and related service programming for children and youth with disabilities EAHCA became IDEA in 1990 13 disability categories Major principles FAPE Due process: right to information and informed consent Parent participation LRE (least restrictive environment) IEP (individualized education plan) Non-discriminatory evaluation ADA= Americans with Disabilities Act: no discrimination to people based on their
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