Congress Lecture Notes

Congress Lecture Notes - Congress: Institutions o An...

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Congress: Institutions o An institution is in a democracy, manages conflict in politics, makes and enforces society’s collective agreements o Fixed and formal structure Often lasts for hundreds of years o Formal vs. Informal Formal is written down and legislated Informal are customs and habits o Structures vs. procedures Structure is written down Procedural is how we function o Sticky vs. fragile Sticky lasts for hundreds of years, often very important Fragile is not going to be institutionalized o Source of Institutions: Constitutional Different Branches Statutory Departments and agencies (appointed, by congress and/or the president, not in the constitution) Administrative Offices and staff Informal Norms and standard operating procedures o Nature of Institutions Three main things about the nature of institutions Complexity (more complex, more sticky) Boundedness (prestige, separation from others) Automated Decisions (standard operating procedures, more efficient, not as much fighting or elections about little things) Constitutional Powers of Congress o Article 1 Section 8 Enumerated powers- clauses 1 – 17 (lay and collect taxes, regulate
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course PSC 002 taught by Professor Siegelman during the Spring '05 term at GWU.

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Congress Lecture Notes - Congress: Institutions o An...

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