Chapter 9 Notes

Chapter 9 Notes - Chapter 9: The Federal Judiciary Judicial...

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Chapter 9: The Federal Judiciary Judicial Review is the authority of a court to declare legislative and executive acts unconstitutional and therefore invalid. Writ of Mandamus is “we command.” A court issues writ commanding a public official to carry out a specific act or duty Court-Packing Plan was an attempt by President Franklin Roosevelt, in 1937, to remodel the federal judiciary. Its purpose ostensibly was to alleviate overcrowding of federal court dockets by allowing the president to appoint an additional Supreme Court justice for every sitting justice over the age of seventy. The legislation passed the House of Representatives but failed in the Senate by a single vote. If it had passed, Roosevelt could have added six new justices to the high bench, thereby installing a new Court majority sympathetic to his New Deal program. Constitutional Courts are a category of federal courts vested with the general judicial authority outlined in Article III of the Constitution. The most important are the Supreme Court, the courts of appeals, and the ninety-four district courts. Their authority derives from that of the Supreme Court and they are supposed to
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2011 for the course PSC 002 taught by Professor Siegelman during the Spring '05 term at GWU.

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Chapter 9 Notes - Chapter 9: The Federal Judiciary Judicial...

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