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Personality and Values

Personality and Values - Personality and Values Personality...

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Personality and Values Personality is the sum total of ways in which an individual reacts to and interacts with others. It is partly genetic in origins; yet, personality can be easily measured by various methods, including self-report surveys. When someone exhibits characteristics consistently, we call them personality traits The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) Most widely used personality assessment instrument 100-question personality assessment Individuals are classified as: o Extraverted or Introverted (E or I) o Sensing or Intuitive (S or N) o Thinking or Feeling (T or F) o Judging or Perceiving (J or P) 16 personality types in total The Big Five Personality Model The Big Five personality traits are related to many OB criteria; each of the five traits has proven its usefulness to understanding individual behavior in organizations o Extraversion Better interpersonal skills, more emotionally expressive, and greater social dominance leading to higher performance, enhanced leadership, and higher job and life satisfaction o Agreeableness Better liked and more compliant and conforming leading to higher performance and lower levels of deviant behavior o Conscientiousness Greater effort and persistence, more drive and discipline and better organized and planned leading to higher performance, enhanced leadership and greater longevity o Emotional Stability Positive thinking and emotions leading to higher job and life satisfaction and lower stress levels o Openness to Experience Increased learning, more creative and more flexible leading to enhanced leadership, more adaptability and training performance Other Personality Traits Relevant to OB Core Self-Evaluation o People differ in the degree to which they like or dislike themselves and whether they see themselves as capable and effective o
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