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Unformatted text preview: 0 mnhimwgmoractintwooppositeways atthe same timein “bkumofitself andinrelafiontoone object. (cantbestilland spinning at the .h) ' hlnhinmumdrjecLapersoncanboththirstforiUwantiLandrejectit 9"} 2. Slii-lmaredifi‘aentpartsofthesoul ' Same as 1 ° In relation to the same object (corpse) and individual person can both want to look at it and out of self disgust not look at it ' The part that looks away— spirit 3. Reason and spirit are different parts of the soul ' Same as 1 ° Misdirected anger/feeling the passion of anger, and knowing it will get you in trouble if you express it 22. Explain the virtues in the individual soul. How are they analogous to the state? 1. wisdom 0 Knowledge gained by reason of what is good ' reason 2. courage ' spirit 3. temperance ° condition of the whole soul (quality of self control, self management, orderliness in soul, moderation) 4. Justice ' the three parts of the soul doing their own jobs, separately 23. Socrates anticipates three objections to his view of the just state, or ‘Waves of paradox’. Describe these difiiculties. 1) women are equal in ability to lead 2) life should be communal (women and children will be shared in common) only for rulers 3) philosophers must be king 24. The final wave leads to a startling conclusion about who must rule the state. What is Socrates’ View? Philosophers seek knowledge about what is good. 25. In order to fully characterize the philosopher, and why s/he will be most suited to rule, Socrates makes a distinction between knowledge and belief. Explain that distinction. Knowledge: (forms- nothing is different, the standard version) ' object (the form itseli) ex. Beauty (no objections) ' state (pure cognition), reason and thought ' quality— unshakable, unchanging, eternally true ‘ Belief: ‘ ' object particular things ex. Beautifirl painting —it’s believed to be beautifirl ° state— sense experience like taste, feeling 0 quality— can easily persuaded, might be true or not hue ...
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