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Unformatted text preview: e—Rrhélesophy 231 L. Bomstad Study Questions: On Liberty, John Stuart Mill 1. When was John Stuart Mill born? When did he die? 1806- 1 8'73 2. Who were his father and godfather? Father: James Mill God Father: Jeremy Bentham 3. What was their contribution to moral and social philosophy? Mill Sr. and Bentham were founders of Utilitarianism Bentham originated Hedonic Calculus, quantitative pleasure happiness=pleasure 4. What made Mill’s childhood unusual? 32 greek and algebra 83 latin 122 mathematical logic and read classics 131 political economy 141 finished college 5. What were Mill’s important insights after suffering a mental breakdown in his twenties? What is unusual or even ironic about these insights, given the early influences on his thinking? 1! Hedonic Paradox-can't look for happiness, it is achieved in the course of successful accomplishments in other areas 22 learn to enjoy other gifts of life, not just intellectual but feelings/emotions 6. Name some of Mill’s most important works. Political Economy (1830) A System of Logic (1843) Principles of Political Economy (1847) On Liberty (1859) On the Subject of Women (1869) Utilitarianism (1860) 7. What is Mill’s main goal in On Liberty? To determine the nature and limits of the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual (pg 1) Society-government and majority opinion 8. What did Mill think was the most important political concern of people in ancient times? The protection from tyranny of political rulers (btwn liberty and authority) 9. How is this different from their concerns in the early modern period (say, Locke’s time)? rDevelopment of basic human rights, protection of liberty ...
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