Abnormal Psychology Lecture

Abnormal Psychology Lecture - Overview Defining and...

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Overview Defining and diagnosing disorders Anxiety disorders Mood disorders (Kay Jamison) Personality disorders Dissociative identity disorder Schizophrenia Mental disorder - any behavior or emotional state that causes a person to suffer, is self-destructive, seriously impairs the person’s ability to work or get along with others, or endangers others or the community Diagnostic and Statistical Manual – The DSM-IV Classification System Axis I – all diagnostic disorders except personality disorders and mental retardation Axis II – personality disorders and mental retardation Axis III – general medical conditions o Been given a terminal illness o Can change after you begin seeing a patient Axis IV – social and environmental stressors o Do they have a job? o Are they homeless? o Do they have social support? Axis V – global assessment of overall current functioning Advantages of DSM The DSM’s primary aim is descriptive : to provide clear diagnostic categories, so that clinicians and researchers can agree on which disorders they are talking about and then can study and treat these disorders The DSM-IV included for the first time a list of culture-bound syndromes which are a set of symptoms specific to the culture in which they occur Ex. Native American Tribes
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o Ghost sickness – preoccupation with death and the dead, with dreams, fainting, appetite loss, fear, and hallucinations Concerns about the DSM o The danger of over-diagnosis o The power of diagnostic labels o *The person is more than just the diagnostic label Fear and anxiety Anxiety – a general state of apprehension or psychological tension o Feelings of anxiety are adaptive in dangerous situations, as they energize us to cope with danger o Anxiety becomes maladaptive when the feelings occur in the absence of actual danger, or if they continue after the danger has passed Types of anxiety disorders Generalized anxiety Disorder (GAD) Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Panic Disorder Phobias Obsessive-compulsive Disorder (OCD) Generalized Anxiety Disorder Continuous state of anxiety marked by o Feelings of worry and dread o Apprehension o Difficulties in concentration o Signs of motor tension For all of these: key form of treatment is psychotherapy Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
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An anxiety disorder in which a person who has experienced a traumatic or life-
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course PS 101 taught by Professor Hoffman during the Fall '07 term at BU.

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Abnormal Psychology Lecture - Overview Defining and...

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