General Psych Lecture

General Psych Lecture - Psychology Lecture 9/8/10 What is...

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Psychology Lecture 9/8/10 What is Psychology? Psychology – the science that studies behavior and mental processes Critical Thinking Guidelines Ask questions Define your terms Examine the evidence Analyze assumptions and biases Avoid emotional reasoning Don’t oversimplify Consider other interpretations Tolerate uncertainty Psychology’s Past – Three Early Psychologies Structuralism – Wilhelm Wundt o Early approach that emphasized the analysis of immediate experience into basic elements o Interested in what happens o Trained introspection Functionalism – William James o Early approach that emphasized the function or purpose of behavior and consciousness o Interested in how and why something happens Psychoanalysis o Theory of personality and a method of psychotherapy developed by Sigmund Freud o A person’s unconscious is timeless o Emphasizes unconscious motives and conflicts, ex. You remember exactly where you were on 9/11 Major Psychological Perspectives
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General Psych Lecture - Psychology Lecture 9/8/10 What is...

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